Difference between revisions of "Sandbox"

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|style="background:#ABCDEF;" align="center"|'''Function''' || cell wall synthesis  
|style="background:#ABCDEF;" align="center"|'''Function''' || cell wall synthesis  
|colspan="2" style="background:#FAF8CC;" align="center"| '''Metabolic function and regulation of this protein in [[SubtiPathways|''Subti''Pathways]]: <br/>[http://subtiwiki.uni-goettingen.de/subtipathways/search.php?enzyme=sandbox sandbox]'''
|colspan="2" style="background:#FAF8CC;" align="center"| '''Metabolic function and regulation of this protein in [[SubtiPathways|''Subti''Pathways]]: <br/>[http://subtiwiki.uni-goettingen.de/subtipathways/sandbox.html sandbox]'''
|style="background:#ABCDEF;" align="center"| '''MW, pI''' || 65 kDa, 4.796   
|style="background:#ABCDEF;" align="center"| '''MW, pI''' || 65 kDa, 4.796   

Revision as of 11:22, 8 April 2014

  • Description: glutamine-fructose-6-phosphate transaminase

Gene name glmS
Synonyms gcaA, ybxD
Essential yes PubMed
Product glutamine-fructose-6-phosphate transaminase
Function cell wall synthesis
Metabolic function and regulation of this protein in SubtiPathways:
MW, pI 65 kDa, 4.796
Gene length, protein length 1800 bp, 600 aa
Immediate neighbours glmM, ybbU
Get the DNA and protein sequences
(Barbe et al., 2009)
Genetic context
GlmS context.gifMedia:Seminare.doc
This image was kindly provided by SubtiList
Expression at a glance   PubMed
GlmS expression.png

Categories containing this gene/protein

cell wall synthesis, biosynthesis of cell wall components, essential genes

This gene is a member of the following regulons

glmS ribozyme

The gene

Basic information

  • Locus tag: BSU01780

Phenotypes of a mutant

essential PubMed

Database entries

  • BsubCyc: [HELLO BSU00100]
  • BsubCyc: "
  • DBTBS entry: no entry
  • SubtiList entry: [1]

Additional information

The protein

Basic information/ Evolution

  • Catalyzed reaction/ biological activity: L-glutamine + D-fructose 6-phosphate = L-glutamate + D-glucosamine 6-phosphate (according to Swiss-Prot)
  • Protein family:
  • Paralogous protein(s):

Extended information on the protein

  • Kinetic information:
  • Domains:
  • Modification:
  • Cofactor(s):
  • Effectors of protein activity:

Database entries

  • BsubCyc: [HELLO BSU00100]
  • BsubCyc: BSU00240
  • Structure:
    • HIV2 (from Bacillus subtilis, 100% identity) PubMed
    • 2VF4 (GlmS from E. coli, 39% identity, 58% similarity) PubMed
    • the ribozyme: 3G8S, 3G9C, 3G8T, 3G95, 3G96 (all for the ribozyme from Bacillus anthracis), 2HO7 (the ribozyme from Thermonanaerobacter tengcongensis)
  • KEGG entry: [2]

Additional information

  • subject to Clp-dependent proteolysis upon glucose starvation PubMed

Expression and regulation

  • Regulation:
    • repressed by glucosamine, N-acetylglucosamine, N-propionylglucosamine or N-formylglucosamine PubMed
    • glmS is only expressed in the absence of glucosamine 6-phosphate (glmS ribozyme)
  • Regulatory mechanism: glmS ribozyme: glucosamine 6-phosphate binds the leader mRNA, and a riboswitch with ribozyme activity cleaves off the glmS section from the mRNA, resulting in stopp of transcript elongation
  • Additional information:

Biological materials

  • Mutant:
  • Expression vector:
  • lacZ fusion:
  • GFP fusion:
  • two-hybrid system:
  • Antibody:

Labs working on this gene/protein

Wade Winkler, University of Texas, USA, Homepage

Your additional remarks



Philippe Durand, Béatrice Golinelli-Pimpaneau, Stéphane Mouilleron, Bernard Badet, Marie-Ange Badet-Denisot
Highlights of glucosamine-6P synthase catalysis.
Arch Biochem Biophys: 2008, 474(2);302-17
[PubMed:18279655] [WorldCat.org] [DOI] (I p)

The glmS Ribozyme

Krista M Brooks, Ken J Hampel
Rapid steps in the glmS ribozyme catalytic pathway: cation and ligand requirements.
Biochemistry: 2011, 50(13);2424-33
[PubMed:21395279] [WorldCat.org] [DOI] (I p)

Peter Y Watson, Martha J Fedor
The glmS riboswitch integrates signals from activating and inhibitory metabolites in vivo.
Nat Struct Mol Biol: 2011, 18(3);359-63
[PubMed:21317896] [WorldCat.org] [DOI] (I p)

Jesse C Cochrane, Sarah V Lipchock, Kathryn D Smith, Scott A Strobel
Structural and chemical basis for glucosamine 6-phosphate binding and activation of the glmS ribozyme.
Biochemistry: 2009, 48(15);3239-46
[PubMed:19228039] [WorldCat.org] [DOI] (I p)

Jennifer A Collins, Irnov Irnov, Stephanie Baker, Wade C Winkler
Mechanism of mRNA destabilization by the glmS ribozyme.
Genes Dev: 2007, 21(24);3356-68
[PubMed:18079181] [WorldCat.org] [DOI] (P p)

Rebecca A Tinsley, Jennifer R W Furchak, Nils G Walter
Trans-acting glmS catalytic riboswitch: locked and loaded.
RNA: 2007, 13(4);468-77
[PubMed:17283212] [WorldCat.org] [DOI] (P p)

Kenneth Blount, Izabela Puskarz, Robert Penchovsky, Ronald Breaker
Development and application of a high-throughput assay for glmS riboswitch activators.
RNA Biol: 2006, 3(2);77-81
[PubMed:17114942] [WorldCat.org] [DOI] (I p)

Daniel J Klein, Adrian R Ferré-D'Amaré
Structural basis of glmS ribozyme activation by glucosamine-6-phosphate.
Science: 2006, 313(5794);1752-6
[PubMed:16990543] [WorldCat.org] [DOI] (I p)

Ken J Hampel, Melissa M Tinsley
Evidence for preorganization of the glmS ribozyme ligand binding pocket.
Biochemistry: 2006, 45(25);7861-71
[PubMed:16784238] [WorldCat.org] [DOI] (P p)

Adam Roth, Ali Nahvi, Mark Lee, Inbal Jona, Ronald R Breaker
Characteristics of the glmS ribozyme suggest only structural roles for divalent metal ions.
RNA: 2006, 12(4);607-19
[PubMed:16484375] [WorldCat.org] [DOI] (P p)

Tom J McCarthy, Melissa A Plog, Shennen A Floy, Joshua A Jansen, Juliane K Soukup, Garrett A Soukup
Ligand requirements for glmS ribozyme self-cleavage.
Chem Biol: 2005, 12(11);1221-6
[PubMed:16298301] [WorldCat.org] [DOI] (P p)

Jeffrey E Barrick, Keith A Corbino, Wade C Winkler, Ali Nahvi, Maumita Mandal, Jennifer Collins, Mark Lee, Adam Roth, Narasimhan Sudarsan, Inbal Jona, J Kenneth Wickiser, Ronald R Breaker
New RNA motifs suggest an expanded scope for riboswitches in bacterial genetic control.
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A: 2004, 101(17);6421-6
[PubMed:15096624] [WorldCat.org] [DOI] (P p)

Wade C Winkler, Ali Nahvi, Adam Roth, Jennifer A Collins, Ronald R Breaker
Control of gene expression by a natural metabolite-responsive ribozyme.
Nature: 2004, 428(6980);281-6
[PubMed:15029187] [WorldCat.org] [DOI] (I p)

Other Original Publications

Additional publications: PubMed

Irnov Irnov, Cynthia M Sharma, Jörg Vogel, Wade C Winkler
Identification of regulatory RNAs in Bacillus subtilis.
Nucleic Acids Res: 2010, 38(19);6637-51
[PubMed:20525796] [WorldCat.org] [DOI] (I p)

Stéphane Mouilleron, Marie-Ange Badet-Denisot, Béatrice Golinelli-Pimpaneau
Ordering of C-terminal loop and glutaminase domains of glucosamine-6-phosphate synthase promotes sugar ring opening and formation of the ammonia channel.
J Mol Biol: 2008, 377(4);1174-85
[PubMed:18295797] [WorldCat.org] [DOI] (I p)

Ulf Gerth, Holger Kock, Ilja Kusters, Stephan Michalik, Robert L Switzer, Michael Hecker
Clp-dependent proteolysis down-regulates central metabolic pathways in glucose-starved Bacillus subtilis.
J Bacteriol: 2008, 190(1);321-31
[PubMed:17981983] [WorldCat.org] [DOI] (I p)

K Yoshida , K Kobayashi, Y Miwa, C M Kang, M Matsunaga, H Yamaguchi, S Tojo, M Yamamoto, R Nishi, N Ogasawara, T Nakayama, Y Fujita
Combined transcriptome and proteome analysis as a powerful approach to study genes under glucose repression in Bacillus subtilis.
Nucleic Acids Res: 2001, 29(3);683-92
[PubMed:11160890] [WorldCat.org] [DOI] (I p)

Biochem J: 1965, 96;147-54
[PubMed:14343123] [WorldCat.org] [DOI] (P p)