PurQ

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  • Description: phosphoribosylformylglycinamidine synthase

Gene name purQ
Synonyms
Essential no
Product phosphoribosylformylglycinamidine synthase
Function purine biosynthesis
Metabolic function and regulation of this protein in SubtiPathways:
Purine synthesis, Nucleotides (regulation)
MW, pI 24 kDa, 4.627
Gene length, protein length 681 bp, 227 aa
Immediate neighbours purS, purL
Get the DNA and protein sequences
(Barbe et al., 2009)
Genetic context
PurQ context.gif
This image was kindly provided by SubtiList







The gene

Basic information

  • Locus tag: BSU06470

Phenotypes of a mutant

Database entries

  • DBTBS entry: [1]
  • SubtiList entry: [2]

Additional information

The protein

Basic information/ Evolution

  • Catalyzed reaction/ biological activity: ATP + N(2)-formyl-N(1)-(5-phospho-D-ribosyl)glycinamide + L-glutamine + H2O = ADP + phosphate + 2-(formamido)-N(1)-(5-phospho-D-ribosyl)acetamidine + L-glutamate (according to Swiss-Prot)
  • Protein family:
  • Paralogous protein(s):

Extended information on the protein

  • Kinetic information:
  • Domains:
  • Modification:
  • Cofactor(s):
  • Effectors of protein activity:
  • Localization: cytoplasm (according to Swiss-Prot)

Database entries

  • Structure:
  • KEGG entry: [3]

Additional information

  • subject to Clp-dependent proteolysis upon glucose starvation PubMed

Expression and regulation

  • Regulation:
    • repressed in the presence of purine nucleotides (PurR) PubMed
    • repressed in the presence of adenine or adenosine(PurR) PubMed
    • repressed in the presence of guanine(G-box) PubMed
    • expression activated by glucose (4.4 fold) PubMed
  • Additional information: subject to Clp-dependent proteolysis upon glucose starvation PubMed

Biological materials

  • Mutant:
  • Expression vector:
  • lacZ fusion:
  • GFP fusion:
  • two-hybrid system:
  • Antibody:

Labs working on this gene/protein

Your additional remarks

References

Aaron A Hoskins, Ruchi Anand, Steven E Ealick, JoAnne Stubbe
The formylglycinamide ribonucleotide amidotransferase complex from Bacillus subtilis: metabolite-mediated complex formation.
Biochemistry: 2004, 43(32);10314-27
[PubMed:15301530] [WorldCat.org] [DOI] (P p)

Lars Engholm Johansen, Per Nygaard, Catharina Lassen, Yvonne Agersø, Hans H Saxild
Definition of a second Bacillus subtilis pur regulon comprising the pur and xpt-pbuX operons plus pbuG, nupG (yxjA), and pbuE (ydhL).
J. Bacteriol.: 2003, 185(17);5200-9
[PubMed:12923093] [WorldCat.org] [DOI] (P p)

Hans-Matti Blencke, Georg Homuth, Holger Ludwig, Ulrike Mäder, Michael Hecker, Jörg Stülke
Transcriptional profiling of gene expression in response to glucose in Bacillus subtilis: regulation of the central metabolic pathways.
Metab. Eng.: 2003, 5(2);133-49
[PubMed:12850135] [WorldCat.org] (P p)

M Weng, P L Nagy, H Zalkin
Identification of the Bacillus subtilis pur operon repressor.
Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A.: 1995, 92(16);7455-9
[PubMed:7638212] [WorldCat.org] [DOI] (P p)

D J Ebbole, H Zalkin
Cloning and characterization of a 12-gene cluster from Bacillus subtilis encoding nine enzymes for de novo purine nucleotide synthesis.
J. Biol. Chem.: 1987, 262(17);8274-87
[PubMed:3036807] [WorldCat.org] (P p)