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  • Description: uricase

Gene name pucM
Synonyms yunM
Essential no
Product uricase
Function purine utilization
Gene expression levels in SubtiExpress: pucM
Metabolic function and regulation of this protein in SubtiPathways:
Purine catabolism, Nucleotides (regulation)
MW, pI 13 kDa, 5.082
Gene length, protein length 363 bp, 121 aa
Immediate neighbours pucL, yuzJ
Get the DNA and protein sequences
(Barbe et al., 2009)
Genetic context
PucM context.gif
This image was kindly provided by SubtiList
Expression at a glance   PubMed
PucM expression.png

Categories containing this gene/protein

utilization of nucleotides

This gene is a member of the following regulons

PucR regulon, TnrA regulon

The gene

Basic information

  • Locus tag: BSU32460

Phenotypes of a mutant

Database entries

  • DBTBS entry: [1]
  • SubtiList entry: [2]

Additional information

The protein

Basic information/ Evolution

  • Catalyzed reaction/ biological activity: 5-hydroxyisourate + H2O = 5-hydroxy-2-oxo-4-ureido-2,5-dihydro-1H-imidazole-5-carboxylate (according to Swiss-Prot)
  • Protein family: 5-hydroxyisourate hydrolase subfamily (according to Swiss-Prot)
  • Paralogous protein(s):

Extended information on the protein

  • Kinetic information:
  • Domains:
  • Modification:
  • Cofactor(s):
  • Effectors of protein activity:

Database entries

  • KEGG entry: [3]

Additional information

Expression and regulation

  • Regulation:
    • expressed in the absence of good nitrogen sources (glutamine or ammonium) (TnrA) PubMed
    • induced in the presence of purine nucleotides (inducer: allantoin) (PucR) PubMed
  • Additional information:

Biological materials

  • Mutant:
  • Expression vector:
  • lacZ fusion:
  • GFP fusion:
  • two-hybrid system:
  • Antibody:

Labs working on this gene/protein

Your additional remarks


Pollyana Pfrimer, Lidia Maria Pepe de Moraes, Alexsandro Sobreira Galdino, Loise Pedrosa Salles, Viviane Castelo Branco Reis, Janice Lisboa De Marco, Maura Vianna Prates, Carlos Bloch, Fernando Araripe Gonçalves Torres
Cloning, purification, and partial characterization of Bacillus subtilis urate oxidase expressed in Escherichia coli.
J Biomed Biotechnol: 2010, 2010;674908
[PubMed:20168977] [WorldCat.org] [DOI] (I p)

Du-Kyo Jung, Youra Lee, Sung Goo Park, Byoung Chul Park, Ghyung-Hwa Kim, Sangkee Rhee
Structural and functional analysis of PucM, a hydrolase in the ureide pathway and a member of the transthyretin-related protein family.
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A: 2006, 103(26);9790-5
[PubMed:16782815] [WorldCat.org] [DOI] (P p)

Ken-ichi Yoshida, Hirotake Yamaguchi, Masaki Kinehara, Yo-hei Ohki, Yoshiko Nakaura, Yasutaro Fujita
Identification of additional TnrA-regulated genes of Bacillus subtilis associated with a TnrA box.
Mol Microbiol: 2003, 49(1);157-65
[PubMed:12823818] [WorldCat.org] [DOI] (P p)

Lars Beier, Per Nygaard, Hanne Jarmer, Hans H Saxild
Transcription analysis of the Bacillus subtilis PucR regulon and identification of a cis-acting sequence required for PucR-regulated expression of genes involved in purine catabolism.
J Bacteriol: 2002, 184(12);3232-41
[PubMed:12029039] [WorldCat.org] [DOI] (P p)

A C Schultz, P Nygaard, H H Saxild
Functional analysis of 14 genes that constitute the purine catabolic pathway in Bacillus subtilis and evidence for a novel regulon controlled by the PucR transcription activator.
J Bacteriol: 2001, 183(11);3293-302
[PubMed:11344136] [WorldCat.org] [DOI] (P p)