Difference between revisions of "PtsG"

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(Biological materials)
(Biological materials)
Line 116: Line 116:
** QB5445 (erm)  
** QB5445 (erm)  
** GP778 (replacement of ''[[glcT]]'' and the ''[[ptsG]]-[[ptsH]]-[[ptsI]]'' operon by a spc cassette)  
** GP778 (replacement of ''[[glcT]]'' and the ''[[ptsG]]-[[ptsH]]-[[ptsI]]'' operon by a spc cassette)  
** GP926 (substitution of ''[[glcT]]'' and ''ptsG'' by a tet cassette)  
** GP926 (substitution of ''[[glcT]]'' and ''[[ptsG]]'' by a tet cassette)  
* '''Expression vector:'''  
* '''Expression vector:'''  

Revision as of 19:28, 14 September 2010

  • Description: trigger enzyme: major glucose permease of the PTS, EIICBA(Glc) and control of GlcT activity

Gene name ptsG
Synonyms ptsX, crr
Essential no
Product trigger enzyme: glucose-specific enzyme IICBA component of the PTS
Function glucose transport and phosphorylation, control of GlcT activity
Metabolic function and regulation of this protein in SubtiPathways:
Central C-metabolism, Sugar catabolism
MW, pI 75,3 kDa, 5.40
Gene length, protein length 2097 bp, 699 amino acids
Immediate neighbours glcT, ptsH
Get the DNA and protein sequences
(Barbe et al., 2009)
Genetic context
PtsG context.gif
This image was kindly provided by SubtiList

The gene

Basic information

  • Locus tag: BSU13890

Phenotypes of a mutant

Database entries

  • DBTBS entry: [1]
  • SubtiList entry: [2]

Additional information

The protein

Basic information/ Evolution

  • Catalyzed reaction/ biological activity: transport and phosphorylation of glucose, receives a phosphate from HPr at the IIA domain (His-620), the phosphate group is then transferred to the IIB domain (Cys-461) an finally to the incoming glucose. In the absence of glucose, PtsG phosphorylates and thereby inactivates the transcriptional antiterminator GlcT.
  • Protein family: PTS permease, glucose permease (Glc) family PubMed, PTS enzyme II
  • Paralogous protein(s):

Extended information on the protein

  • Kinetic information:
  • Domains:
    • 11x transmembrane domain (16–36, 89–109, 139–159, 180–200, 233–253, 283–303, 313–333, 338–358, 365–385, 388–408)
    • PTS EIIC domain ( 1-424)
    • PTS EIIB domain (439–520)
    • PTS EIIA domain (568–672)
  • Modification: transient phosphorylation (HPr-dependent) on His-620, then internal phosphotransfer from His-620 to Cys-461
  • Cofactor(s):
  • Effectors of protein activity:
  • Localization: membrane protein PubMed

Database entries

  • Structure: 1AX3 (IIA domain), 1GPR (IIA domain), IIA domain NCBI, NMR IIA domain NCBI
  • KEGG entry: [3]

Additional information

Expression and regulation

  • Regulation:
    • expression activated by glucose (32 fold) (GlcT) PubMed
    • subject to negative stringent control upon lysine starvation PubMed
  • Regulatory mechanism:
    • transcriptional antitermination via the GlcT-dependent RNA switch PubMed
    • stringent response: due to presence of guanine at +1 position of the transcript PubMed
  • Additional information:

Biological materials

  • Mutants: all available in Stülke lab
    • GP474 (cat)
    • QB5436 (spc)
    • QB5445 (erm)
    • GP778 (replacement of glcT and the ptsG-ptsH-ptsI operon by a spc cassette)
    • GP926 (substitution of glcT and ptsG by a tet cassette)
  • Expression vector:
  • GFP fusion:
  • Antibody:

Labs working on this gene/protein

Jörg Stülke, University of Göttingen, Germany Homepage

Your additional remarks



Fabian M Commichau, Jörg Stülke
Trigger enzymes: bifunctional proteins active in metabolism and in controlling gene expression.
Mol. Microbiol.: 2008, 67(4);692-702
[PubMed:18086213] [WorldCat.org] [DOI] (P p)

Original publications

Shigeo Tojo, Kanako Kumamoto, Kazutake Hirooka, Yasutaro Fujita
Heavy involvement of stringent transcription control depending on the adenine or guanine species of the transcription initiation site in glucose and pyruvate metabolism in Bacillus subtilis.
J. Bacteriol.: 2010, 192(6);1573-85
[PubMed:20081037] [WorldCat.org] [DOI] (I p)

Hannes Hahne, Susanne Wolff, Michael Hecker, Dörte Becher
From complementarity to comprehensiveness--targeting the membrane proteome of growing Bacillus subtilis by divergent approaches.
Proteomics: 2008, 8(19);4123-36
[PubMed:18763711] [WorldCat.org] [DOI] (I p)

Oliver Schilling, Christina Herzberg, Tina Hertrich, Hanna Vörsmann, Dirk Jessen, Sebastian Hübner, Fritz Titgemeyer, Jörg Stülke
Keeping signals straight in transcription regulation: specificity determinants for the interaction of a family of conserved bacterial RNA-protein couples.
Nucleic Acids Res.: 2006, 34(21);6102-15
[PubMed:17074746] [WorldCat.org] [DOI] (I p)

Oliver Schilling, Ines Langbein, Michael Müller, Matthias H Schmalisch, Jörg Stülke
A protein-dependent riboswitch controlling ptsGHI operon expression in Bacillus subtilis: RNA structure rather than sequence provides interaction specificity.
Nucleic Acids Res.: 2004, 32(9);2853-64
[PubMed:15155854] [WorldCat.org] [DOI] (I e)

Matthias H Schmalisch, Steffi Bachem, Jörg Stülke
Control of the Bacillus subtilis antiterminator protein GlcT by phosphorylation. Elucidation of the phosphorylation chain leading to inactivation of GlcT.
J. Biol. Chem.: 2003, 278(51);51108-15
[PubMed:14527945] [WorldCat.org] [DOI] (P p)

Hans-Matti Blencke, Georg Homuth, Holger Ludwig, Ulrike Mäder, Michael Hecker, Jörg Stülke
Transcriptional profiling of gene expression in response to glucose in Bacillus subtilis: regulation of the central metabolic pathways.
Metab. Eng.: 2003, 5(2);133-49
[PubMed:12850135] [WorldCat.org] (P p)

J Reizer, S Bachem, A Reizer, M Arnaud, M H Saier, J Stülke
Novel phosphotransferase system genes revealed by genome analysis - the complete complement of PTS proteins encoded within the genome of Bacillus subtilis.
Microbiology (Reading, Engl.): 1999, 145 ( Pt 12);3419-29
[PubMed:10627040] [WorldCat.org] [DOI] (P p)

I Langbein, S Bachem, J Stülke
Specific interaction of the RNA-binding domain of the bacillus subtilis transcriptional antiterminator GlcT with its RNA target, RAT.
J. Mol. Biol.: 1999, 293(4);795-805
[PubMed:10543968] [WorldCat.org] [DOI] (P p)

S Bachem, J Stülke
Regulation of the Bacillus subtilis GlcT antiterminator protein by components of the phosphotransferase system.
J. Bacteriol.: 1998, 180(20);5319-26
[PubMed:9765562] [WorldCat.org] (P p)

Y Chen, D A Case, J Reizer, M H Saier, P E Wright
High-resolution solution structure of Bacillus subtilis IIAglc.
Proteins: 1998, 31(3);258-70
[PubMed:9593197] [WorldCat.org] (P p)

S Bachem, N Faires, J Stülke
Characterization of the presumptive phosphorylation sites of the Bacillus subtilis glucose permease by site-directed mutagenesis: implication in glucose transport and catabolite repression.
FEMS Microbiol. Lett.: 1997, 156(2);233-8
[PubMed:9513271] [WorldCat.org] [DOI] (P p)

J Stülke, I Martin-Verstraete, M Zagorec, M Rose, A Klier, G Rapoport
Induction of the Bacillus subtilis ptsGHI operon by glucose is controlled by a novel antiterminator, GlcT.
Mol. Microbiol.: 1997, 25(1);65-78
[PubMed:11902727] [WorldCat.org] (P p)

Y Chen, J Reizer, M H Saier, W J Fairbrother, P E Wright
Mapping of the binding interfaces of the proteins of the bacterial phosphotransferase system, HPr and IIAglc.
Biochemistry: 1993, 32(1);32-7
[PubMed:8418852] [WorldCat.org] [DOI] (P p)

M Zagorec, P W Postma
Cloning and nucleotide sequence of the ptsG gene of Bacillus subtilis.
Mol. Gen. Genet.: 1992, 234(2);325-8
[PubMed:1508157] [WorldCat.org] (P p)

W J Fairbrother, A G Palmer, M Rance, J Reizer, M H Saier, P E Wright
Assignment of the aliphatic 1H and 13C resonances of the Bacillus subtilis glucose permease IIA domain using double- and triple-resonance heteronuclear three-dimensional NMR spectroscopy.
Biochemistry: 1992, 31(18);4413-25
[PubMed:1581296] [WorldCat.org] [DOI] (P p)

M J Stone, W J Fairbrother, A G Palmer, J Reizer, M H Saier, P E Wright
Backbone dynamics of the Bacillus subtilis glucose permease IIA domain determined from 15N NMR relaxation measurements.
Biochemistry: 1992, 31(18);4394-406
[PubMed:1316146] [WorldCat.org] [DOI] (P p)

W J Fairbrother, G P Gippert, J Reizer, M H Saier, P E Wright
Low resolution solution structure of the Bacillus subtilis glucose permease IIA domain derived from heteronuclear three-dimensional NMR spectroscopy.
FEBS Lett.: 1992, 296(2);148-52
[PubMed:1733770] [WorldCat.org] [DOI] (P p)

G Kapadia, C C Chen, P Reddy, M H Saier, J Reizer, O Herzberg
Crystallization of the IIA domain of the glucose permease of Bacillus subtilis.
J. Mol. Biol.: 1991, 221(4);1079-80
[PubMed:1942043] [WorldCat.org] [DOI] (P p)

D I Liao, G Kapadia, P Reddy, M H Saier, J Reizer, O Herzberg
Structure of the IIA domain of the glucose permease of Bacillus subtilis at 2.2-A resolution.
Biochemistry: 1991, 30(40);9583-94
[PubMed:1911744] [WorldCat.org] [DOI] (P p)

W J Fairbrother, J Cavanagh, H J Dyson, A G Palmer, S L Sutrina, J Reizer, M H Saier, P E Wright
Polypeptide backbone resonance assignments and secondary structure of Bacillus subtilis enzyme IIIglc determined by two-dimensional and three-dimensional heteronuclear NMR spectroscopy.
Biochemistry: 1991, 30(28);6896-907
[PubMed:1906345] [WorldCat.org] [DOI] (P p)

G Gonzy-Tréboul, J H de Waard, M Zagorec, P W Postma
The glucose permease of the phosphotransferase system of Bacillus subtilis: evidence for IIGlc and IIIGlc domains.
Mol. Microbiol.: 1991, 5(5);1241-9
[PubMed:1956301] [WorldCat.org] (P p)

S L Sutrina, P Reddy, M H Saier, J Reizer
The glucose permease of Bacillus subtilis is a single polypeptide chain that functions to energize the sucrose permease.
J. Biol. Chem.: 1990, 265(30);18581-9
[PubMed:2120236] [WorldCat.org] (P p)