Motility and chemotaxis

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Motility and chemotaxis facilitate swimming and swarming of B. subtilis PubMed. Motility, chemotaxis and aerotaxis facilitate pellicle biofilm formation in B. subtilis PubMed. Production of flagella is a costly process in B. subtilis PubMed.

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Labs working on motility and chemotaxis

Regulation of flagellation

  • number of flagellar hooks per micrometer of cell length
    • in swimming cells: 4 +/- 1 PubMed
    • in swarming cells: 9 +/- 2 PubMed

Genes in this functional category

Signal transduction in motility and chemotaxis

Soluble signalling proteins

Coupling proteins

Soluble chemoreceptors

Membrane-bound chemoreceptors

Additional chemotaxis signal transduction and regulatory proteins

Flagellar proteins

Flagellar proteins/ based on similarity

Motility and chemotaxis/ other

Key original publications

Sampriti Mukherjee, Anna C Bree, Jing Liu, Joyce E Patrick, Peter Chien, Daniel B Kearns
Adaptor-mediated Lon proteolysis restricts Bacillus subtilis hyperflagellation.
Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A.: 2015, 112(1);250-5
[PubMed:25538299] [] [DOI] (I p)

Hiraku Takada, Masato Morita, Yuh Shiwa, Ryoma Sugimoto, Shota Suzuki, Fujio Kawamura, Hirofumi Yoshikawa
Cell motility and biofilm formation in Bacillus subtilis are affected by the ribosomal proteins, S11 and S21.
Biosci. Biotechnol. Biochem.: 2014, 78(5);898-907
[PubMed:25035996] [] [DOI] (I p)

Thomas M Norman, Nathan D Lord, Johan Paulsson, Richard Losick
Memory and modularity in cell-fate decision making.
Nature: 2013, 503(7477);481-486
[PubMed:24256735] [] [DOI] (I p)

Key reviews

Theresa Hölscher, Benjamin Bartels, Yu-Cheng Lin, Ramses Gallegos-Monterrosa, Alexa Price-Whelan, Roberto Kolter, Lars E P Dietrich, Ákos T Kovács
Motility, Chemotaxis and Aerotaxis Contribute to Competitiveness during Bacterial Pellicle Biofilm Development.
J. Mol. Biol.: 2015, 427(23);3695-3708
[PubMed:26122431] [] [DOI] (I p)

Sampriti Mukherjee, Daniel B Kearns
The structure and regulation of flagella in Bacillus subtilis.
Annu. Rev. Genet.: 2014, 48;319-40
[PubMed:25251856] [] [DOI] (I p)

Joyce E Patrick, Daniel B Kearns
Swarming motility and the control of master regulators of flagellar biosynthesis.
Mol. Microbiol.: 2012, 83(1);14-23
[PubMed:22092493] [] [DOI] (I p)

Christopher V Rao, George D Glekas, George W Ordal
The three adaptation systems of Bacillus subtilis chemotaxis.
Trends Microbiol.: 2008, 16(10);480-7
[PubMed:18774298] [] [DOI] (P p)

Hendrik Szurmant, George W Ordal
Diversity in chemotaxis mechanisms among the bacteria and archaea.
Microbiol. Mol. Biol. Rev.: 2004, 68(2);301-19
[PubMed:15187186] [] [DOI] (P p)

L F Garrity, G W Ordal
Chemotaxis in Bacillus subtilis: how bacteria monitor environmental signals.
Pharmacol. Ther.: 1995, 68(1);87-104
[PubMed:8604438] [] [DOI] (P p)

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