Difference between revisions of "LytF"

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* '''Mutant:'''
* '''Mutant:'''
** 1A791 ( ''lytF''::''spec''), {{PubMed|10206711}}, available at [http://pasture.asc.ohio-state.edu/BGSC/getdetail.cfm?bgscid=1A791&Search=1A791 BGSC]
** 1A791 ( ''lytF''::''spec''), {{PubMed|10206711}}, available at [http://pasture.asc.ohio-state.edu/BGSC/getdetail.cfm?bgscid=1A791&Search=1A791 BGSC]
** 1A792 ( ''lytF''::''spec''), {{PubMed|1588906}}, available at [http://pasture.asc.ohio-state.edu/BGSC/getdetail.cfm?bgscid=1A792&Search=1A792 BGSC]
* '''Expression vector:'''
* '''Expression vector:'''

Revision as of 12:20, 19 September 2012

  • Description: gamma-D-glutamate-meso-diaminopimelate muropeptidase (major autolysin)

Gene name lytF
Synonyms cwlE, yhdD
Essential no
Product gamma-D-glutamate-meso-diaminopimelate muropeptidase (major autolysin)
Function cell separation
Gene expression levels in SubtiExpress: lytF
Interactions involving this protein in SubtInteract: LytF
MW, pI 51 kDa, 10.41
Gene length, protein length 1464 bp, 488 aa
Immediate neighbours yhdC, nsrR
Get the DNA and protein sequences
(Barbe et al., 2009)
Genetic context
LytF context.gif
This image was kindly provided by SubtiList
Expression at a glance   PubMed
LytF expression.png

Categories containing this gene/protein

cell wall degradation/ turnover

This gene is a member of the following regulons

SigD regulon, SlrR regulon

The gene

Basic information

  • Locus tag: BSU09370

Phenotypes of a mutant

Database entries

  • DBTBS entry: [1]
  • SubtiList entry: [2]

Additional information

The protein

Basic information/ Evolution

  • Catalyzed reaction/ biological activity:
  • Protein family: nlpC/p60 family (according to Swiss-Prot)
  • Paralogous protein(s): the C-terminal D,L-endopeptidase domains of LytE, LytF, CwlS, and CwlO exhibit strong sequence similarity

Extended information on the protein

  • Kinetic information:
  • Domains:
    • C-terminal D,L-endopeptidase domain PubMed
  • Modification:
  • Cofactor(s):
  • Effectors of protein activity:
  • Localization:
    • secreted (according to Swiss-Prot)
    • localizes to cell septa and poles PubMed

Database entries

  • Structure:
  • KEGG entry: [3]
  • E.C. number:

Additional information

Expression and regulation

  • Regulation:
  • Regulatory mechanism:
  • Additional information:

Biological materials

  • Mutant:
  • Expression vector:
  • lacZ fusion:
  • GFP fusion:
  • two-hybrid system:
  • Antibody:

Labs working on this gene/protein

Your additional remarks


Masayuki Hashimoto, Seika Ooiwa, Junichi Sekiguchi
Synthetic lethality of the lytE cwlO genotype in Bacillus subtilis is caused by lack of D,L-endopeptidase activity at the lateral cell wall.
J Bacteriol: 2012, 194(4);796-803
[PubMed:22139507] [WorldCat.org] [DOI] (I p)

Yunrong Chai, Thomas Norman, Roberto Kolter, Richard Losick
An epigenetic switch governing daughter cell separation in Bacillus subtilis.
Genes Dev: 2010, 24(8);754-65
[PubMed:20351052] [WorldCat.org] [DOI] (I p)

Rui Chen, Sarah B Guttenplan, Kris M Blair, Daniel B Kearns
Role of the sigmaD-dependent autolysins in Bacillus subtilis population heterogeneity.
J Bacteriol: 2009, 191(18);5775-84
[PubMed:19542270] [WorldCat.org] [DOI] (I p)

Hiroki Yamamoto, Yukiko Miyake, Miharu Hisaoka, Shin-Ichirou Kurosawa, Junichi Sekiguchi
The major and minor wall teichoic acids prevent the sidewall localization of vegetative DL-endopeptidase LytF in Bacillus subtilis.
Mol Microbiol: 2008, 70(2);297-310
[PubMed:18761696] [WorldCat.org] [DOI] (I p)

Hiroki Yamamoto, Shin-ichirou Kurosawa, Junichi Sekiguchi
Localization of the vegetative cell wall hydrolases LytC, LytE, and LytF on the Bacillus subtilis cell surface and stability of these enzymes to cell wall-bound or extracellular proteases.
J Bacteriol: 2003, 185(22);6666-77
[PubMed:14594841] [WorldCat.org] [DOI] (P p)

R Ohnishi, S Ishikawa, J Sekiguchi
Peptidoglycan hydrolase LytF plays a role in cell separation with CwlF during vegetative growth of Bacillus subtilis.
J Bacteriol: 1999, 181(10);3178-84
[PubMed:10322020] [WorldCat.org] [DOI] (P p)

Philippe Margot, Marco Pagni, Dimitri Karamata
Bacillus subtilis 168 gene lytF encodes a gamma-D-glutamate-meso-diaminopimelate muropeptidase expressed by the alternative vegetative sigma factor, sigmaD.
Microbiology (Reading): 1999, 145 ( Pt 1);57-65
[PubMed:10206711] [WorldCat.org] [DOI] (P p)