Difference between revisions of "GltB"

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(Biological materials)
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* '''GFP fusion:'''
 
* '''GFP fusion:'''
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 +
* '''two-hybrid system:''' ''B. pertussis'' adenylate cyclase-based bacterial two hybrid system ([[BACTH]]), available in [[Stülke]] lab
  
 
* '''Antibody:'''
 
* '''Antibody:'''

Revision as of 12:52, 9 June 2009

  • Description: small subunit of glutamate synthase

Gene name gltB
Synonyms
Essential no
Product glutamate synthase (small subunit)
Function glutamate biosynthesis
MW, pI 54.6 kDa, 7.69
Gene length, protein length 1479 bp, 493 amino acids
Immediate neighbours gltA, yogA
Get the DNA and protein sequences
(Barbe et al., 2009)
Genetic context
GltB context.gif
This image was kindly provided by SubtiList




The gene

Basic information

  • Locus tag: BSU18440

Phenotypes of a mutant

auxotrophic for glutamate

Database entries

  • DBTBS entry: [1]
  • SubtiList entry:[2]

Additional information

The protein

Basic information/ Evolution

  • Catalyzed reaction/ biological activity: 2 L-glutamate + NADP+ = L-glutamine + 2-oxoglutarate + NADPH (according to Swiss-Prot) 2 L-glutamate + NADP(+) <=> L-glutamine + 2-oxoglutarate + NADPH
  • Protein family: glutamate synthase family.
  • Paralogous protein(s): none

Extended information on the protein

  • Kinetic information:
  • Domains:
    • nucleotide binding domain (NADP) (299–313)
  • Modification:
  • Cofactor(s):
  • Effectors of protein activity:
  • Interactions:
  • Localization: cytoplasm (according to Swiss-Prot)

Database entries

  • Structure:
  • KEGG entry: [3]

Additional information

Expression and regulation

  • Regulation: see gltA
  • Additional information:

Biological materials

  • Mutant: GP807 (del gltAB::tet), GP736 (spc), available in Stülke lab
  • Expression vector: pGP1119 (in pGP380, for SPINE, expression in B. subtilis), available in Stülke lab
  • lacZ fusion: see gltA
  • GFP fusion:
  • two-hybrid system: B. pertussis adenylate cyclase-based bacterial two hybrid system (BACTH), available in Stülke lab
  • Antibody:

Labs working on this gene/protein

Linc Sonenshein, Tufts University, Boston, MA, USA Homepage

Jörg Stülke, University of Göttingen, Germany Homepage

Your additional remarks

References

Fabian M Commichau, Christina Herzberg, Philipp Tripal, Oliver Valerius, Jörg Stülke
A regulatory protein-protein interaction governs glutamate biosynthesis in Bacillus subtilis: the glutamate dehydrogenase RocG moonlights in controlling the transcription factor GltC.
Mol. Microbiol.: 2007, 65(3);642-54
[PubMed:17608797] [WorldCat.org] [DOI] (P p)

Fabian M Commichau, Ingrid Wacker, Jan Schleider, Hans-Matti Blencke, Irene Reif, Philipp Tripal, Jörg Stülke
Characterization of Bacillus subtilis mutants with carbon source-independent glutamate biosynthesis.
J. Mol. Microbiol. Biotechnol.: 2007, 12(1-2);106-13
[PubMed:17183217] [WorldCat.org] [DOI] (P p)

Silvia Picossi, Boris R Belitsky, Abraham L Sonenshein
Molecular mechanism of the regulation of Bacillus subtilis gltAB expression by GltC.
J. Mol. Biol.: 2007, 365(5);1298-313
[PubMed:17134717] [WorldCat.org] [DOI] (P p)

Boris R Belitsky, Abraham L Sonenshein
Modulation of activity of Bacillus subtilis regulatory proteins GltC and TnrA by glutamate dehydrogenase.
J. Bacteriol.: 2004, 186(11);3399-407
[PubMed:15150225] [WorldCat.org] [DOI] (P p)

Ingrid Wacker, Holger Ludwig, Irene Reif, Hans-Matti Blencke, Christian Detsch, Jörg Stülke
The regulatory link between carbon and nitrogen metabolism in Bacillus subtilis: regulation of the gltAB operon by the catabolite control protein CcpA.
Microbiology (Reading, Engl.): 2003, 149(Pt 10);3001-9
[PubMed:14523131] [WorldCat.org] [DOI] (P p)

B R Belitsky, A L Sonenshein
Mutations in GltC that increase Bacillus subtilis gltA expression.
J. Bacteriol.: 1995, 177(19);5696-700
[PubMed:7559360] [WorldCat.org] [DOI] (P p)

D E Bohannon, A L Sonenshein
Positive regulation of glutamate biosynthesis in Bacillus subtilis.
J. Bacteriol.: 1989, 171(9);4718-27
[PubMed:2548995] [WorldCat.org] [DOI] (P p)

  1. Yoshida K, et al. (2003) Identification of additional TnrA-regulated genes of Bacillus subtilis associated with a TnrA box. Mol Microbiol 49(1): 157-65. PubMed
  2. Belitsky, B. R., and Sonenshein, A. L. (1995) Mutations in GltC that increase Bacillus subtilis gltA expression. J Bacteriol 177: 5696-5700.PubMed
  3. Belitsky, B. R., and Sonenshein, A. L. (2004) Modulation of activity of Bacillus subtilis regulatory proteins GltC and TnrA by glutamate dehydrogenase. J Bacteriol 186: 3399-3407.PubMed
  4. Bohannon, D. E., and Sonenshein, A. L. (1989) Positive regulation of glutamate biosynthesis in Bacillus subtilis. J Bacteriol 171: 4718-4727.PubMed
  5. Commichau, F. M., Wacker, I., Schleider, J., Blencke, H.-M., Reif, I., Tripal, P., and Stülke, J. (2007) Characterization of Bacillus subtilis mutants with carbon source-independent glutamate biosynthesis. J Mol Microbiol Biotechnol 12: 106-113. PubMed
  6. Commichau, F. M., Herzberg, C., Tripal, P., Valerius, O., and Stülke, J. (2007) A regulatory protein-protein interaction governs glutamate biosynthesis in Bacillus subtilis: The glutamate dehydrogenase RocG moonlights in controlling the transcription factor GltC. Mol Microbiol 65: 642-654. PubMed
  7. Picossi, S., Belitsky, B. R., and Sonenshein, A. L. (2007) Molecular mechanism of the regulation of Bacillus subtilis gltAB expression by GltC. J Mol Biol 365: 1298-1313. PubMed
  8. Wacker, I., Ludwig, H., Reif, I., Blencke, H. M., Detsch, C., and Stülke, J. (2003) The regulatory link between carbon and nitrogen metabolism in Bacillus subtilis: regulation of the gltAB operon by the catabolite control protein CcpA. Microbiology 149: 3001-3009.PubMed
  9. Belitsky, B. R., Wray, L. V., Jr., Fisher, S. H., Bohannon, D. E. & Sonenshein, A. L. (2000). Role of TnrA in nitrogen source-dependent repression of Bacillus subtilis glutamate synthase gene expression. J Bacteriol 182, 5939-5947. PubMed
  10. Commichau, F. M., Gunka, K., Landmann, J. J. & Stülke, J. (2008) Glutamate metabolism in Bacillus subtilis: Gene expression and enzyme activities evolved to avoid futile cycles and to allow rapid responses to perturbations in the system. J. Bacteriol. 190: 3557-3564. PubMed