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  • Description: beta-ketoacyl-acyl carrier protein synthase III

Gene name fabHA
Synonyms yjaX , fabH1
Essential no
Product beta-ketoacyl-acyl carrier protein synthase III
Function fatty acid biosynthesis
Metabolic function and regulation of this protein in SubtiPathways:
Lipid synthesis
MW, pI 33 kDa, 5.045
Gene length, protein length 936 bp, 312 aa
Immediate neighbours yjzB, fabF
Get the DNA and protein sequences
(Barbe et al., 2009)
Genetic context
FabHA context.gif
This image was kindly provided by SubtiList

The gene

Basic information

  • Locus tag: BSU11330

Phenotypes of a mutant

Database entries

  • DBTBS entry: [1]
  • SubtiList entry: [2]

Additional information

The protein

Basic information/ Evolution

  • Catalyzed reaction/ biological activity: Acetyl-CoA + malonyl-[acyl-carrier-protein] = acetoacyl-[acyl-carrier-protein] + CoA + CO2 (according to Swiss-Prot)
  • Protein family: fabH family (according to Swiss-Prot)
  • Paralogous protein(s): FabHB, one of the two proteins has to be present for viability PubMed

Extended information on the protein

  • Kinetic information:
  • Domains:
  • Modification:
  • Cofactor(s):
  • Effectors of protein activity:
  • Interactions:
  • Localization: cytoplasm (according to Swiss-Prot)

Database entries

  • KEGG entry: [3]

Additional information

  • affinity for butyryl-CoA, but prefers acetyl-CoA in fatty acid biosynthesis PubMed

Expression and regulation

  • Regulation:
    • expressed when the cells experience a lack of malonyl-CoA (FapR) PubMed
    • inhibited by cerulenin PubMed
  • Regulatory mechanism:
  • Additional information:

Biological materials

  • Mutant:
  • Expression vector:
  • lacZ fusion:
  • GFP fusion:
  • two-hybrid system:
  • Antibody:

Labs working on this gene/protein

Your additional remarks



Yasutaro Fujita, Hiroshi Matsuoka, Kazutake Hirooka
Regulation of fatty acid metabolism in bacteria.
Mol Microbiol: 2007, 66(4);829-39
[PubMed:17919287] [WorldCat.org] [DOI] (P p)

Stephen W White, Jie Zheng, Yong-Mei Zhang, Rock
The structural biology of type II fatty acid biosynthesis.
Annu Rev Biochem: 2005, 74;791-831
[PubMed:15952903] [WorldCat.org] [DOI] (P p)

Original Publications

Natalia Martin, Esteban Lombardía, Silvia G Altabe, Diego de Mendoza, María C Mansilla
A lipA (yutB) mutant, encoding lipoic acid synthase, provides insight into the interplay between branched-chain and unsaturated fatty acid biosynthesis in Bacillus subtilis.
J Bacteriol: 2009, 191(24);7447-55
[PubMed:19820084] [WorldCat.org] [DOI] (I p)

Helena B Thomaides, Ella J Davison, Lisa Burston, Hazel Johnson, David R Brown, Alison C Hunt, Jeffery Errington, Lloyd Czaplewski
Essential bacterial functions encoded by gene pairs.
J Bacteriol: 2007, 189(2);591-602
[PubMed:17114254] [WorldCat.org] [DOI] (P p)

Gustavo E Schujman, Luciana Paoletti, Alan D Grossman, Diego de Mendoza
FapR, a bacterial transcription factor involved in global regulation of membrane lipid biosynthesis.
Dev Cell: 2003, 4(5);663-72
[PubMed:12737802] [WorldCat.org] [DOI] (P p)

C Davies, R J Heath, S W White, C O Rock
The 1.8 A crystal structure and active-site architecture of beta-ketoacyl-acyl carrier protein synthase III (FabH) from escherichia coli.
Structure: 2000, 8(2);185-95
[PubMed:10673437] [WorldCat.org] [DOI] (P p)

K H Choi, R J Heath, C O Rock
beta-ketoacyl-acyl carrier protein synthase III (FabH) is a determining factor in branched-chain fatty acid biosynthesis.
J Bacteriol: 2000, 182(2);365-70
[PubMed:10629181] [WorldCat.org] [DOI] (P p)