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  • Description: beta-ketoacyl-acyl carrier protein synthase II

Gene name fabF
Synonyms yjaY
Essential yes PubMed
Product beta-ketoacyl-acyl carrier protein synthase II
Function fatty acid biosynthesis
Metabolic function and regulation of this protein in SubtiPathways:
Lipid synthesis
MW, pI 43 kDa, 4.768
Gene length, protein length 1239 bp, 413 aa
Immediate neighbours fabHA, yjaZ
Get the DNA and protein sequences
(Barbe et al., 2009)
Genetic context
FabF context.gif
This image was kindly provided by SubtiList

The gene

Basic information

  • Locus tag: BSU11340

Phenotypes of a mutant

essential PubMed

Database entries

  • DBTBS entry: [1]
  • SubtiList entry: [2]

Additional information

The protein

Basic information/ Evolution

  • Catalyzed reaction/ biological activity: (Z)-hexadec-11-enoyl-[acyl-carrier-protein] + malonyl-[acyl-carrier-protein] = (Z)-3-oxooctadec-13-enoyl-[acyl-carrier-protein] + CO2 + [acyl-carrier-protein] (according to Swiss-Prot)
  • Protein family: beta-ketoacyl-ACP synthases family (according to Swiss-Prot)
  • Paralogous protein(s):

Extended information on the protein

  • Kinetic information:
  • Domains:
  • Modification:
  • Cofactor(s):
  • Effectors of protein activity:
  • Interactions:
  • Localization:

Database entries

  • Structure: 1OX0 (the protein from Streptococcus pneumoniae) PubMed
  • KEGG entry: [3]

Additional information

Expression and regulation

  • Regulation:
    • expressed when the cells experience a lack of malonyl-CoA (FapR) PubMed
  • Regulatory mechanism:
  • Additional information:

Biological materials

  • Mutant:
  • Expression vector:
  • lacZ fusion:
  • GFP fusion:
  • two-hybrid system:
  • Antibody:

Labs working on this gene/protein

Your additional remarks



Yasutaro Fujita, Hiroshi Matsuoka, Kazutake Hirooka
Regulation of fatty acid metabolism in bacteria.
Mol Microbiol: 2007, 66(4);829-39
[PubMed:17919287] [WorldCat.org] [DOI] (P p)

Stephen W White, Jie Zheng, Yong-Mei Zhang, Rock
The structural biology of type II fatty acid biosynthesis.
Annu Rev Biochem: 2005, 74;791-831
[PubMed:15952903] [WorldCat.org] [DOI] (P p)

Original Publications

Gustavo E Schujman, Silvia Altabe, Diego de Mendoza
A malonyl-CoA-dependent switch in the bacterial response to a dysfunction of lipid metabolism.
Mol Microbiol: 2008, 68(4);987-96
[PubMed:18384517] [WorldCat.org] [DOI] (I p)

Allen C Price, Charles O Rock, Stephen W White
The 1.3-Angstrom-resolution crystal structure of beta-ketoacyl-acyl carrier protein synthase II from Streptococcus pneumoniae.
J Bacteriol: 2003, 185(14);4136-43
[PubMed:12837788] [WorldCat.org] [DOI] (P p)

Gustavo E Schujman, Luciana Paoletti, Alan D Grossman, Diego de Mendoza
FapR, a bacterial transcription factor involved in global regulation of membrane lipid biosynthesis.
Dev Cell: 2003, 4(5);663-72
[PubMed:12737802] [WorldCat.org] [DOI] (P p)