Difference between revisions of "CitZ"

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(Biological materials)
(Biological materials)
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* '''Mutant:''' GP678 (erm), GP797 (spec) available in [[Jörg Stülke]]'s lab  
 
* '''Mutant:''' GP678 (erm), GP797 (spec) available in [[Jörg Stülke]]'s lab  
 
** 1A999 ( ''citZ''::''spec''), {{PubMed| }}, available at [http://pasture.asc.ohio-state.edu/BGSC/getdetail.cfm?bgscid=1A999&Search=1A999 BGSC]
 
** 1A999 ( ''citZ''::''spec''), {{PubMed| }}, available at [http://pasture.asc.ohio-state.edu/BGSC/getdetail.cfm?bgscid=1A999&Search=1A999 BGSC]
** GP790 (''citz, icd, mdh''::''kan''), available in [[Jörg Stülke]]'s lab
+
** GP790 (''citZ,icd,mdh''::''kan''), available in [[Jörg Stülke]]'s lab
  
 
* '''Expression vector:'''
 
* '''Expression vector:'''

Revision as of 13:03, 13 August 2013

  • Description: citrate synthase

Gene name citZ
Synonyms citA2
Essential no
Product citrate synthase II
Function TCA cycle
Gene expression levels in SubtiExpress: citZ
Interactions involving this protein in SubtInteract: CitZ
Metabolic function and regulation of this protein in SubtiPathways:
Central C-metabolism
MW, pI 41 kDa, 5.451
Gene length, protein length 1116 bp, 372 aa
Immediate neighbours icd, ytwI
Sequences Protein DNA DNA_with_flanks
Genetic context
CitZ context.gif
This image was kindly provided by SubtiList
Expression at a glance   PubMed
CitZ expression.png















Categories containing this gene/protein

carbon core metabolism, phosphoproteins

This gene is a member of the following regulons

CcpA regulon, CcpC regulon

The gene

Basic information

  • Locus tag: BSU29140

Phenotypes of a mutant

glutamate auxotrophy and a defect in sporulation PubMed

Database entries

  • DBTBS entry: [1]
  • SubtiList entry: [2]

Additional information

The protein

Basic information/ Evolution

  • Catalyzed reaction/ biological activity: Acetyl-CoA + H2O + oxaloacetate = citrate + CoA (according to Swiss-Prot)
  • Protein family: citrate synthase family (according to Swiss-Prot)

Extended information on the protein

  • Kinetic information: Michaelis-Menten (Random Sequential Reaction Mechanism) PubMed
  • Domains:
  • Modification: phosphorylation on Ser-284 PubMed
  • Cofactor(s):
  • Effectors of protein activity:
    • Inhibited by acetyl-CoA, 2-oxoglutarate and NADH PubMed FEBS Letters
    • Inhibited by citrate and CoA (competitively against acetyl-CoA and non-competitively against oxaloacetate) PubMed
    • Inhibited by ATP competitively in B. subtilis strain 168 and HS 1A17 PubMed PubMed
      • In B. subtilis strain HS 2A2, ATP inhibits a non-competitive fashion PubMed
    • Activated by AMP PubMed

Database entries

  • KEGG entry: [3]

Additional information

  • extensive information on the structure and enzymatic properties of CitZ can be found at Proteopedia

Expression and regulation

  • Regulation:
    • repression by glucose (6.7-fold) (CcpA) PubMed
    • repression by glucose + glutamate (CcpC) PubMed
    • reduced expression at excess citrate concentrations or iron depletion (CitB) PubMed
  • Regulatory mechanism:
    • CcpA: transcription repression, CcpC: transcription repression PubMed
    • CcpC: transcription repression (molecular inducer: citrate) PubMed
    • CitB: mRNA destabilization upon citrate accumulation or iron limitation PubMed
  • Additional information:
    • The mRNA has a long 5' leader region. This may indicate RNA-based regulation PubMed

Biological materials

  • Expression vector:
    • pGP1120 (N-terminal Strep-tag, for SPINE, purification from B. subtilis, in pGP380) (available in Stülke lab)
    • pGP1776 (for expression, purification in E. coli with N-terminal Strep-tag, in pGP172, available in Stülke lab)
    • pGP1761 (expression with N-terminal His-tag from E. coli, in pWH844), available in Jörg Stülke's lab
  • lacZ fusion:
  • GFP fusion:
  • two-hybrid system: B. pertussis adenylate cyclase-based bacterial two hybrid system (BACTH), available in Stülke lab

Labs working on this gene/protein

Linc Sonenshein, Tufts University, Boston, MA, USA Homepage

Jörg Stülke, University of Göttingen, Germany Homepage

Your additional remarks

References

Reviews

G Wiegand, S J Remington
Citrate synthase: structure, control, and mechanism.
Annu Rev Biophys Biophys Chem: 1986, 15;97-117
[PubMed:3013232] [WorldCat.org] [DOI] (P p)

Original publications

Additional publications: PubMed

Kieran B Pechter, Frederik M Meyer, Alisa W Serio, Jörg Stülke, Abraham L Sonenshein
Two roles for aconitase in the regulation of tricarboxylic acid branch gene expression in Bacillus subtilis.
J. Bacteriol.: 2013, 195(7);1525-37
[PubMed:23354745] [WorldCat.org] [DOI] (I p)

Frederik M Meyer, Jan Gerwig, Elke Hammer, Christina Herzberg, Fabian M Commichau, Uwe Völker, Jörg Stülke
Physical interactions between tricarboxylic acid cycle enzymes in Bacillus subtilis: evidence for a metabolon.
Metab. Eng.: 2011, 13(1);18-27
[PubMed:20933603] [WorldCat.org] [DOI] (I p)

Irnov Irnov, Cynthia M Sharma, Jörg Vogel, Wade C Winkler
Identification of regulatory RNAs in Bacillus subtilis.
Nucleic Acids Res.: 2010, 38(19);6637-51
[PubMed:20525796] [WorldCat.org] [DOI] (I p)

Boris Macek, Ivan Mijakovic, Jesper V Olsen, Florian Gnad, Chanchal Kumar, Peter R Jensen, Matthias Mann
The serine/threonine/tyrosine phosphoproteome of the model bacterium Bacillus subtilis.
Mol. Cell Proteomics: 2007, 6(4);697-707
[PubMed:17218307] [WorldCat.org] [DOI] (P p)

Hans-Matti Blencke, Georg Homuth, Holger Ludwig, Ulrike Mäder, Michael Hecker, Jörg Stülke
Transcriptional profiling of gene expression in response to glucose in Bacillus subtilis: regulation of the central metabolic pathways.
Metab. Eng.: 2003, 5(2);133-49
[PubMed:12850135] [WorldCat.org] [DOI] (P p)

Hyun-Jin Kim, Agnes Roux, Abraham L Sonenshein
Direct and indirect roles of CcpA in regulation of Bacillus subtilis Krebs cycle genes.
Mol. Microbiol.: 2002, 45(1);179-90
[PubMed:12100558] [WorldCat.org] [DOI] (P p)

C Jourlin-Castelli, N Mani, M M Nakano, A L Sonenshein
CcpC, a novel regulator of the LysR family required for glucose repression of the citB gene in Bacillus subtilis.
J. Mol. Biol.: 2000, 295(4);865-78
[PubMed:10656796] [WorldCat.org] [DOI] (P p)

K Matsuno, T Blais, A W Serio, T Conway, T M Henkin, A L Sonenshein
Metabolic imbalance and sporulation in an isocitrate dehydrogenase mutant of Bacillus subtilis.
J. Bacteriol.: 1999, 181(11);3382-91
[PubMed:10348849] [WorldCat.org] [DOI] (P p)

M M Nakano, P Zuber, A L Sonenshein
Anaerobic regulation of Bacillus subtilis Krebs cycle genes.
J. Bacteriol.: 1998, 180(13);3304-11
[PubMed:9642180] [WorldCat.org] [DOI] (P p)

S Jin, A L Sonenshein
Characterization of the major citrate synthase of Bacillus subtilis.
J. Bacteriol.: 1996, 178(12);3658-60
[PubMed:8655569] [WorldCat.org] [DOI] (P p)

S Jin, A L Sonenshein
Transcriptional regulation of Bacillus subtilis citrate synthase genes.
J. Bacteriol.: 1994, 176(15);4680-90
[PubMed:8045899] [WorldCat.org] [DOI] (P p)

S Jin, A L Sonenshein
Identification of two distinct Bacillus subtilis citrate synthase genes.
J. Bacteriol.: 1994, 176(15);4669-79
[PubMed:8045898] [WorldCat.org] [DOI] (P p)

D E Johnson, R S Hanson
Bacterial citrate synthases: purification, molecular weight and kinetic mechanism.
Biochim. Biophys. Acta: 1974, 350(2);336-53
[PubMed:4211224] [WorldCat.org] [DOI] (P p)

V R Flechtner, R S Hanson
Coarse and fine control of citrate synthase from Bacillus subtilis.
Biochim. Biophys. Acta: 1969, 184(2);252-62
[PubMed:4980242] [WorldCat.org] [DOI] (P p)