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Swarming motility is defined as a rapid multicellular movement of bacteria across a surface, powered by rotating flagella PubMed. Laboratory strains of Bacillus subtilis do not exhibit swarming motility PubMed.

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SinR regulon

Labs working on swarming

Key genes and operons involved in swarming

Important original publications

Hannah Jeckel, Eric Jelli, Raimo Hartmann, Praveen K Singh, Rachel Mok, Jan Frederik Totz, Lucia Vidakovic, Bruno Eckhardt, Jörn Dunkel, Knut Drescher
Learning the space-time phase diagram of bacterial swarm expansion.
Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A.: 2019, 116(5);1489-1494
[PubMed:30635422] [WorldCat.org] [DOI] (I p)

Polonca Stefanic, Barbara Kraigher, Nicholas Anthony Lyons, Roberto Kolter, Ines Mandic-Mulec
Kin discrimination between sympatric Bacillus subtilis isolates.
Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A.: 2015, 112(45);14042-7
[PubMed:26438858] [WorldCat.org] [DOI] (I p)

Jia Mun Chan, Sarah B Guttenplan, Daniel B Kearns
Defects in the flagellar motor increase synthesis of poly-γ-glutamate in Bacillus subtilis.
J. Bacteriol.: 2014, 196(4);740-53
[PubMed:24296669] [WorldCat.org] [DOI] (I p)

Xiaohui Gao, Sampriti Mukherjee, Paige M Matthews, Loubna A Hammad, Daniel B Kearns, Charles E Dann
Functional characterization of core components of the Bacillus subtilis cyclic-di-GMP signaling pathway.
J. Bacteriol.: 2013, 195(21);4782-92
[PubMed:23893111] [WorldCat.org] [DOI] (I p)

Sarah B Guttenplan, Sidney Shaw, Daniel B Kearns
The cell biology of peritrichous flagella in Bacillus subtilis.
Mol. Microbiol.: 2013, 87(1);211-29
[PubMed:23190039] [WorldCat.org] [DOI] (I p)

Joyce E Patrick, Daniel B Kearns
Laboratory strains of Bacillus subtilis do not exhibit swarming motility.
J. Bacteriol.: 2009, 191(22);7129-33
[PubMed:19749039] [WorldCat.org] [DOI] (I p)

Rui Chen, Sarah B Guttenplan, Kris M Blair, Daniel B Kearns
Role of the sigmaD-dependent autolysins in Bacillus subtilis population heterogeneity.
J. Bacteriol.: 2009, 191(18);5775-84
[PubMed:19542270] [WorldCat.org] [DOI] (I p)

Kris M Blair, Linda Turner, Jared T Winkelman, Howard C Berg, Daniel B Kearns
A molecular clutch disables flagella in the Bacillus subtilis biofilm.
Science: 2008, 320(5883);1636-8
[PubMed:18566286] [WorldCat.org] [DOI] (I p)

Daniel B Kearns, Richard Losick
Cell population heterogeneity during growth of Bacillus subtilis.
Genes Dev.: 2005, 19(24);3083-94
[PubMed:16357223] [WorldCat.org] [DOI] (P p)

Cinzia Calvio, Francesco Celandroni, Emilia Ghelardi, Giuseppe Amati, Sara Salvetti, Fabrizio Ceciliani, Alessandro Galizzi, Sonia Senesi
Swarming differentiation and swimming motility in Bacillus subtilis are controlled by swrA, a newly identified dicistronic operon.
J. Bacteriol.: 2005, 187(15);5356-66
[PubMed:16030230] [WorldCat.org] [DOI] (P p)

Daniel B Kearns, Frances Chu, Rivka Rudner, Richard Losick
Genes governing swarming in Bacillus subtilis and evidence for a phase variation mechanism controlling surface motility.
Mol. Microbiol.: 2004, 52(2);357-69
[PubMed:15066026] [WorldCat.org] [DOI] (P p)

Daniel B Kearns, Richard Losick
Swarming motility in undomesticated Bacillus subtilis.
Mol. Microbiol.: 2003, 49(3);581-90
[PubMed:12864845] [WorldCat.org] [DOI] (P p)

Key reviews

Joyce E Patrick, Daniel B Kearns
Swarming motility and the control of master regulators of flagellar biosynthesis.
Mol. Microbiol.: 2012, 83(1);14-23
[PubMed:22092493] [WorldCat.org] [DOI] (I p)

Daniel B Kearns
A field guide to bacterial swarming motility.
Nat. Rev. Microbiol.: 2010, 8(9);634-44
[PubMed:20694026] [WorldCat.org] [DOI] (I p)

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