Skin element

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Important note

  • In 168, the Skin element disrupts the sigK gene
  • A strain devoid of the Skin element (1A884) is available at the BGSC, PubMed
  • A strain devoid of PBSX prophage , SP-beta prophage and the Skin element (TF8A) as well as a strain devoid of all six prophages of the 168 genome (D6) is available in Jan Maarten van Dijl's lab PubMed
  • deletion of the skin element results in an increased rate of spontaneous germination due to lower expression of GerE PubMed

Genes in this functional category

Key publications

Tatsu Kimura, Yukie Amaya, Kazuo Kobayashi, Naotake Ogasawara, Tsutomu Sato
Repression of sigK intervening (skin) element gene expression by the CI-like protein SknR and effect of SknR depletion on growth of Bacillus subtilis cells.
J. Bacteriol.: 2010, 192(23);6209-16
[PubMed:20889742] [] [DOI] (I p)

Helga Westers, Ronald Dorenbos, Jan Maarten van Dijl, Jorrit Kabel, Tony Flanagan, Kevin M Devine, Florence Jude, Simone J Seror, Aaron C Beekman, Elise Darmon, Caroline Eschevins, Anne de Jong, Sierd Bron, Oscar P Kuipers, Alessandra M Albertini, Haike Antelmann, Michael Hecker, Nicola Zamboni, Uwe Sauer, Claude Bruand, Dusko S Ehrlich, Juan C Alonso, Margarita Salas, Wim J Quax
Genome engineering reveals large dispensable regions in Bacillus subtilis.
Mol. Biol. Evol.: 2003, 20(12);2076-90
[PubMed:12949151] [] [DOI] (P p)

T Sato, Y Kobayashi
The ars operon in the skin element of Bacillus subtilis confers resistance to arsenate and arsenite.
J. Bacteriol.: 1998, 180(7);1655-61
[PubMed:9537360] [] (P p)

M Mizuno, S Masuda, K Takemaru, S Hosono, T Sato, M Takeuchi, Y Kobayashi
Systematic sequencing of the 283 kb 210 degrees-232 degrees region of the Bacillus subtilis genome containing the skin element and many sporulation genes.
Microbiology (Reading, Engl.): 1996, 142 ( Pt 11);3103-11
[PubMed:8969508] [] [DOI] (P p)

S Krogh, M O'Reilly, N Nolan, K M Devine
The phage-like element PBSX and part of the skin element, which are resident at different locations on the Bacillus subtilis chromosome, are highly homologous.
Microbiology (Reading, Engl.): 1996, 142 ( Pt 8);2031-40
[PubMed:8760915] [] [DOI] (P p)

K Takemaru, M Mizuno, T Sato, M Takeuchi, Y Kobayashi
Complete nucleotide sequence of a skin element excised by DNA rearrangement during sporulation in Bacillus subtilis.
Microbiology (Reading, Engl.): 1995, 141 ( Pt 2);323-7
[PubMed:7704261] [] [DOI] (P p)

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