SubtiBank SubtiBank
rny [2017-06-06 08:56:28]
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rny [2017-06-06 08:56:28]

RNase Y, 5 end sensitive endoribonuclease, involved in the degradation/ processing of mRNA
locus
BSU16960
pI
5.39
mw
58.75 kDa
protein length
520 aa Sequence Blast
gene length
1560 bp Sequence Blast
function
RNA processing and degradation
product
RNase Y
essential
no
ec
3.1.4.16
synonyms
ymdA

Genomic Context

      

categories

  • [category|SW 3|Information processing] → [category|SW 3.2|RNA synthesis and degradation] → [category|SW 3.2.4|RNases] → [category|SW 3.2.4.2|Endoribonucleases]
  • [category|SW 4|Lifestyles] → [category|SW 4.1|Exponential and early post-exponential lifestyles] → [category|SW 4.1.2|Biofilm formation]
  • [category|SW 4|Lifestyles] → [category|SW 4.1|Exponential and early post-exponential lifestyles] → [category|SW 4.1.2|Biofilm formation] → [category|SW 4.1.2.5|Other proteins required for biofilm formation]
  • [category|SW 6|Groups of genes] → [category|SW 6.2|Membrane proteins]
  • Gene

    Coordinates
    1,767,310 → 1,768,872

    Phenotypes of a mutant

  • transcription profile resulting from [gene|872CCB5A49C9000BD95E4B0472556D5F60F7D7A4|rny] depletion: [http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/geo/query/acc.cgi?acc=GSE30430 GEO] [Pubmed|21815947]
  • defect in spore [SW|germination] [Pubmed|22209493]
  • the mutant is strongly impaired in [SW|sporulation], [SW|genetic competence] and many other phenotypes [Pubmed|23504012]
  • it is not possible to construct a [gene|3EB289D0F58A58C693AB588798EE66A731341999|rnjA] [gene|872CCB5A49C9000BD95E4B0472556D5F60F7D7A4|rny] double mutant [Pubmed|23504012]
  • The protein

    Catalyzed reaction/ biological activity

  • [SW|RNase] Y cleaves [protein|search|S-box] [gene|C245476CE35028167510F67153F392D91447553F|mgtE riboswitch] RNAs ''in vivo'' and ''in vitro'' [Pubmed|19779461]
  • preference for 5' monophosphorylated substrate ''in vitro'' [Pubmed|19779461]
  • endonucleolytic cleavage [Pubmed|19779461]
  • required for the processing of the ''[gene|EB6512177418B1601C6641FB2DEE99C2CD10E671|gapA]'' operon mRNA [Pubmed|19193632]
  • cleavage activity appears sensitive to downstream secondary structure [Pubmed|19779461]
  • [SW|RNase] Y initiates the degradation of ''[gene|EC5D3ECF361C7CDEB606284F5E17243CD926989E|rpsO]'' mRNA [Pubmed|20418391]
  • [SW|RNase] Y is responsible for the degradation of [SW|23S rRNA], [SW|16S rRNA], and mRNAs in aging spores [Pubmed|22209493]
  • [SW|RNase] Y cleaves the leader of the ''[gene|4F9D70C4BB4FCA809BEAC341C3F8122FB7FD8872|cwlO]'' mRNA at a stem-loop structure [Pubmed|24163346]
  • 3' end maturation of [gene|57A79AAF00243B5E058FA901D43AA7B55CA33F63|RNase P RNA]]] and [gene|097C817A5A3E31F73F6ABC4AA95852A64E43A057|scRNA]]] [Pubmed|25402410]
  • Protein family

  • Member of the HD superfamily of metal-dependent phosphohydrolases; 2',3' cyclic nucleotide phosphodiesterase family (according to Swiss-Prot)
  • [SW|Domains]

  • transmembrane domain (aa 5–24) [Pubmed|21803996]
  • coiled-coiled domain (may form a leucine zipper) (aa 30-150) [Pubmed|21803996]
  • KH domain (aa 210–280) [Pubmed|21803996,18422648]
  • [SW|HD domain] (aa 330–430) [Pubmed|21803996,9868367]
  • C-terminal domain (aa 430-520) [Pubmed|21803996]
  • [SW|Cofactors]

  • requires Mg 2, which can be replaced by Zn 2 or Mn 2 ions, [Pubmed|19779461]
  • Effectors of protein activity

  • appears sensitive to downstream secondary structure, [Pubmed|19779461]
  • interaction of [protein|872CCB5A49C9000BD95E4B0472556D5F60F7D7A4|RNase Y]]] with the complex of [protein|EE52DFA35B935E551871D079A9BE877DB2001A3B|YmcA]-[protein|6C9A092F38739A3759793EF8B496569CD02C2E3F|YlbF]-[protein|EBD15C174A03B7FCDFFE4C5DB5D86E93F1B9CAC4|YaaT] was reported to stimulate the degradation of the ''[gene|5A6FBAE6553343092862CB79E150F934978C32A9|sinR]'' and ''[gene|ADA6F2EDC7B18FDFFA47CC8C55BCDDE1B6821160|cggR]-[gene|EB6512177418B1601C6641FB2DEE99C2CD10E671|gapA]'' mRNAs [Pubmed|26434553]
  • [SW|Localization]

  • cell membrane, single-pass membrane protein [Pubmed|18763711,17005971,19820159,27708634]
  • forms foci at the site of septation [Pubmed|23060960]
  • Additional information

  • required for the processing of the ''[gene|EB6512177418B1601C6641FB2DEE99C2CD10E671|gapA]'' operon mRNA
  • Expression and Regulation

    Operons

    genes
    [gene|872CCB5A49C9000BD95E4B0472556D5F60F7D7A4|rny]-[gene|154862E3FFA7CEBA5725BAD08E09D0E1C6B7F946|ymdB]
    description
    [Pubmed|21856853]

    regulation

  • constitutive
  • additional information

  • the [SW|transcription] terminator between ''[SW|rny]'' and ''[SW|ymdB]'' is strong and [SW|NusA]-independent [http://www.nature.com/articles/nmicrobiol20157 Reference]
  • view in new tab

    genes
    [gene|872CCB5A49C9000BD95E4B0472556D5F60F7D7A4|rny]
    description
    [Pubmed|21856853]

    regulation

  • constitutive
  • additional information

  • the [SW|transcription] terminator between ''[SW|rny]'' and ''[SW|ymdB]'' is strong and [SW|NusA]-independent [http://www.nature.com/articles/nmicrobiol20157 Reference]
  • view in new tab

    Biological materials

    Mutant

  • 4043 (''rny'' under p-spac control, ''cat''), GP193 (''rny'' under p-xyl control, ''cat''), both available in [SW|Jörg Stülke]'s lab
  • SSB447 (rny under P-spac control, ''erm'') available in [SW|Putzer] lab
  • GP2501 ([gene|872CCB5A49C9000BD95E4B0472556D5F60F7D7A4|rny]::''spc''), available in [SW|Jörg Stülke]'s lab
  • Expression vector

  • N-terminal Strep-tag, expression in ''E. coli'', in [SW|pGP172]: pGP441, available in [SW|Jörg Stülke]'s lab
  • pGP2813: IPTG inducible expression, purification in ''E. coli'' with N-terminal Strep-tag, in [SW|pGP172], available in [SW|Jörg Stülke]'s lab
  • N-terminal Strep-tag, for [SW|SPINE], expression in ''B. subtilis'', in [SW|pGP380]: pGP775, available in [SW|Jörg Stülke]'s lab
  • C-terminal Strep-tag, for [SW|SPINE], expression in ''B. subtilis'', in [SW|pGP382]: pGP1852, available in [SW|Jörg Stülke]'s lab
  • Expression of RNase Y missing the N-terminal transmembrane domain (25aa) as an intein fusion in E. coli (no tag left in the purified protein) available in the [SW|Putzer] lab
  • wild type ''rny'', expression in ''B. subtilis'', in [SW|pBQ200]: pGP1201, available in [SW|Jörg Stülke]'s lab
  • there is also a series of domain constructs present in [SW|pBQ200], all available in [SW|Jörg Stülke]'s lab
  • chromosomal expression of Rny-Strep, ''spc'': GP1033, available in [SW|Jörg Stülke]'s lab
  • lacZ fusion

  • pGP459 (in [protein|search|pAC7]), available in [SW|Jörg Stülke]'s lab
  • GFP fusion

  • B. subtilis 3569 (amyE:: (p-xyl rny-gfpmut1-spc)), available in [SW|Errington] lab
  • pGP1368 for chromosomal expression of rny-YFP, available in [SW|Jörg Stülke]'s lab
  • two-hybrid system

  • B. pertussis adenylate cyclase-based bacterial two hybrid system ([SW|BACTH]), available in [SW|Jörg Stülke]'s lab
  • FLAG-tag construct

  • GP1030 (spc, based on [SW|pGP1331]), available in [SW|Jörg Stülke]'s lab
  • Antibody

  • available in [SW|van Dijl] and in [SW|Jörg Stülke]'s lab
  • Labs working on this gene/protein

  • [SW|Ciaran Condon], IBPC Paris, France [http://www.ibpc.fr/UPR9073/equipe_Ciaran/AccueilCCondonGB.htm Homepage]
  • [SW|Harald Putzer], IBPC Paris, France [http://www.ibpc.fr/UPR9073/putzer/recherches_harald.htm Homepage]
  • [SW|Jörg Stülke], University of Göttingen, Germany [http://wwwuser.gwdg.de/~genmibio/stuelke.html Homepage]
  • References

    Reviews

  • 21957024,22568516,24064983,9868367,18422648,25292357
  • Original publications

  • 21862575,22198292,22209493,22412379,23060960,23326572,21908660,21856853,21815947,24163346,18763711,19193632,17005971,19779461,19820159,20418391,20525796,20572937,21803996,21843271,23504012,25402410,26473962,26802042,26797123,26819068,26940229,21803996,27708634,27449348,26434553,28542621
  • Publications on homologs from other organisms

  • 17951247,20385762,15853881,26473962