SubtiBank SubtiBank
rpoA
An ordered knock out library of all non-essential genes in B. subtilis is now available at Addgene. Information on ordering a copy can be found here. See Koo et al. 2017 for details about library construction.

rpoA

[SW|RNA polymerase] alpha subunit
locus
BSU01430
pI
4.59
mw
34.64 kDa
protein length
314 aa Sequence Blast
gene length
942 bp Sequence Blast
function
transcription
product
RNA polymerase alpha subunit
essential
yes
ec
2.7.7.6
synonyms

Genomic Context

      

categories

  • [category|SW 3|Information processing] → [category|SW 3.2|RNA synthesis and degradation] → [category|SW 3.2.1|Transcription] → [category|SW 3.2.1.1|RNA polymerase]
  • [category|SW 6|Groups of genes] → [category|SW 6.1|Essential genes]
  • Gene

    Coordinates
    148,931 → 149,875

    Phenotypes of a mutant

  • essential [Pubmed|12682299]
  • The protein

    Catalyzed reaction/ biological activity

  • Nucleoside triphosphate RNA(n) = diphosphate RNA(n 1) (according to Swiss-Prot)
  • Protein family

  • [SW|RNA polymerase] alpha chain family (according to Swiss-Prot)
  • Structure

  • [PDB|1Z3E] (C-terminal domain, complex with Spx)
  • [PDB|3IYD] ([SW|RNA polymerase] from ''E. coli'', 46% identity) [Pubmed|19903881]
  • additional information

  • belongs to the 100 [SW|most abundant proteins] [PubMed|15378759]
  • Expression and Regulation

    Operons

    genes
    [gene|751D0B909922D4D931FF3B2285CF142D966FCD48|rpsJ]-[gene|FEF94BD8482A41C493A8BEC3278B518E8BB4EDFE|rplC]-[gene|02F0893E814E00187D7B342990838EE5445CA78B|rplD]-[gene|5F3933197343FBBDCBD42B408837F8EEF0A0BEBD|rplW]-[gene|9445AC486A2B0A025030B275C789D227D5694145|rplB]-[gene|5287063586EB218843451386108E45274C7A8D68|rpsS]-[gene|F3DE42C41EF57DC5DFFF0D28129F2CE5DB781D99|rplV]-[gene|E7F4E01A6005C8469EAC64E8DFED96D0F29791A9|rpsC]-[gene|C5CAED1256F082E722EBA0A72647AA043B5681DB|rplP]-[gene|49B6E673E28CF21DF629B90A6AD453C46822BDB0|rpmC]-[gene|657A76B7786DC44861ECAC8FDFC8B4E8B55EF05F|rpsQ]-[gene|2BE91EEB70A1961D3BBE0603648E64E86CD0B708|rplN]-[gene|7E4159B8999B33370B12C18AFE2455507DEF891C|rplX]-[gene|F34C72BF4C3A8FF710D3B65F87324400ECDE3610|rplE]-[gene|0CC562884650F322298BEA28C889E2ABCB01AFDE|rpsN]-[gene|B50A96DCD3E8FB26BBC2819DA11A6E0B040C1C8E|rpsH]-[gene|20485A785D3AF82889F2018D3EA5B5FA33E64E95|rplF]-[gene|B39056862596254F3EC7AB2466B6FB3634621DF0|rplR]-[gene|144D952B05EBBFF41EC92DF906543EA00475FE69|rpsE]-[gene|87741B91E3081B7CC1C8AF275B38A52C066F018C|rpmD]-[gene|BEACD74FE0AE56E8154F3EB8D4247488030BF0D3|rplO]-[gene|5350DC618130E013757EE667B9AFC5F2EC68EC08|secY]-[gene|DD3A39A84E53A9B2ACBDD89DFAE3560E45C08DC1|adk]-[gene|2F2455E189FC61A6B1EC6B66412FC662E44BD3F6|map]-[gene|15EAA4007484D9F82CF4F402FF156165156FDDDE|ybzG]-[gene|BFAF497FB8E871AA84A0864CB08D2059791C7E73|infA]-[gene|F69B475C014087C6DEBE2F50F91862A623D21D1E|rpmJ]-[gene|C8B2EC9E35BDE4FC9B5642B8169F4BD13ACD30AC|rpsM]-[gene|8F83D1839E63016E2FA599A756A161DA5476D4D1|rpsK]-[gene|8B9957188874E9A20D2490730BA216F813D48F36|S56]-[gene|5996A5C25E108A3C4562686BF34A59CB14FD56EB|rpoA]-[gene|0D210B61B8F58DA21D97CFDE441501E31AB50D00|rplQ]
    description
    [Pubmed|9371452]

    sigma factors

  • [protein|360F48D576DE950DF79C1A2677B7A35A8D8CC30C|SigA]: sigma factor, [Pubmed|9371452] (two promoters, about 140bp and 200bp upstream of the start codon), in [regulon|360F48D576DE950DF79C1A2677B7A35A8D8CC30C|SigA regulon]
  • regulatory mechanism

  • [regulon|stringent response|stringent response]: negative regulation, in [regulon|stringent response|stringent response]
  • regulation

  • strongly repressed in response to glucose starvation in M9 medium [Pubmed|23033921]
  • additional information

  • term-seq has identified a potential novel regulatory RNA element (protein-dependent leader) including an intrinsic transcription terminator upstream of ''rpsJ'' [Pubmed|27120414]
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    Biological materials

    two-hybrid system

  • ''B. pertussis'' adenylate cyclase-based bacterial two hybrid system ([SW|BACTH]), available in [SW|Stülke] lab
  • References

    Reviews

  • 22210308
  • Original publications

  • 20084284,19726675,19580872,3093467,2496109,8635744,10675340,12486038,18643936,12642660,16249335,16740936,15378759,26154296,22512862,20817769,22307755,26293966,26582911,19903881,26098117,28484046