SubtiBank SubtiBank
tilS
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tilS

trigger enzyme, tRNAIle-lysidine synthetase (modifies C34 at the wobble position of tRNA2Ile to lysidine) and part of a transcription activator
locus
BSU_00670
pI
8.32
mw
53.30 kDa
protein length
472 aa Sequence Blast
gene length
1419 bp Sequence Blast
function
tRNA modification, control of [gene|4E7B9426CED372AA8A321A147116A3A589FBF20C|ftsH] expression
product
tRNAIle-lysidine synthetase
essential
yes
ec
6.3.4.19
synonyms
yacA

Genomic Context

      

categories

  • [category|SW 3|Information processing] → [category|SW 3.3|Protein synthesis, modification and degradation] → [category|SW 3.3.1|Translation] → [category|SW 3.3.1.8|tRNA modification and maturation]
  • [category|SW 3|Information processing] → [category|SW 3.4|Regulation of gene expression] → [category|SW 3.4.2|Transcription factors and their control] → [category|SW 3.4.2.5|Transcription factors/ other]
  • [category|SW 3|Information processing] → [category|SW 3.4|Regulation of gene expression] → [category|SW 3.4.2|Transcription factors and their control] → [category|SW 3.4.2.7|Control of transcription factor (other than two-component system)]
  • [category|SW 4|Lifestyles] → [category|SW 4.3|Coping with stress] → [category|SW 4.3.2|Cell envelope stress proteins (controlled by SigM, V, W, X, Y)]
  • [category|SW 6|Groups of genes] → [category|SW 6.1|Essential genes]
  • Gene

    Coordinates
    74,929 76,347

    Phenotypes of a mutant

  • essential [Pubmed|12682299]
  • The protein

    Catalyzed reaction/ biological activity

  • modifies C34 at the wobble position of tRNA2Ile to lysidine
  • ATP + cytidine34 in tRNAIle2 + L-lysine --> AMP + diphosphate + H+ + lysidine34 in tRNAIle2 (according to UniProt)
  • Protein family

  • tRNA(Ile)-lysidine synthase family (single member, according to UniProt)
  • [SW|Domains]

  • The N-terminal region contains the highly conserved SGGXDS motif, predicted to be a P-loop motif involved in ATP binding (according to UniProt)
  • Structure

  • [PDB|3A2K] (from ''Geobacillus kaustophilus'', complex with tRNA) [Pubmed|19847269]
  • [SW|Localization]

  • Cytoplasm (Homogeneous) [Pubmed|16479537]
  • Expression and Regulation

    Operons

    genes
    [gene|473F93EA5ADB78CD23C9C054B5D6B739078DDEEB|tilS]-[gene|B7BFC170EEC88DEC6CF932F80805D3F2C0BD3738|hprT]-[gene|4E7B9426CED372AA8A321A147116A3A589FBF20C|ftsH]
    description
    [Pubmed|18179421]

    sigma factors

  • [protein|081DF3EE9FA56209D648C7677188C61CE3AA8E41|SigM]: sigma factor, [Pubmed|18179421], in [regulon|081DF3EE9FA56209D648C7677188C61CE3AA8E41|SigM regulon]
  • [protein|360F48D576DE950DF79C1A2677B7A35A8D8CC30C|SigA]: sigma factor, [Pubmed|7608085], in [regulon|360F48D576DE950DF79C1A2677B7A35A8D8CC30C|SigA regulon]
  • regulatory mechanism

  • [protein|473F93EA5ADB78CD23C9C054B5D6B739078DDEEB|TilS]: activation, with [protein|B7BFC170EEC88DEC6CF932F80805D3F2C0BD3738|HprT] [Pubmed|24001521], in [regulon|473F93EA5ADB78CD23C9C054B5D6B739078DDEEB|TilS regulon]
  • [protein|B7BFC170EEC88DEC6CF932F80805D3F2C0BD3738|HprT]: activation, with [protein|473F93EA5ADB78CD23C9C054B5D6B739078DDEEB|TilS] [Pubmed|24001521], in [regulon|B7BFC170EEC88DEC6CF932F80805D3F2C0BD3738|HprT regulon]
  • regulation

  • induced by heat shock (class III)
  • additional information

  • the mRNA is very stable (half-life > 15 min) [http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/sites/entrez/12884008 PubMed]
  • view in new tab

    genes
    [gene|7C8DFE00A2B2B30CC8BEB35055D92CC2E4128F3A|spoIIE]-[gene|C8AA53889FC8B389E1D921B762BD78990C7A8E57|yabS]-[gene|E86A96B832351FF513DD9853EAD8998CC44C9951|yabT]-[gene|473F93EA5ADB78CD23C9C054B5D6B739078DDEEB|tilS]-[gene|B7BFC170EEC88DEC6CF932F80805D3F2C0BD3738|hprT]-[gene|4E7B9426CED372AA8A321A147116A3A589FBF20C|ftsH]
    description
    [pubmed|22383849]

    sigma factors

  • [protein|CFF318EE6CACDEE763FBF96A2ABB46E944679AAA|SigF]: sigma factor, [Pubmed|16497325], in [regulon|CFF318EE6CACDEE763FBF96A2ABB46E944679AAA|SigF regulon]
  • regulation

  • expressed early during sporulation in the forespore ([protein|CFF318EE6CACDEE763FBF96A2ABB46E944679AAA|SigF]) [Pubmed|16497325]
  • view in new tab

    Biological materials

    Mutant

  • MGNA-B922 (yacA::erm), available at the [https://shigen.nig.ac.jp/bsub/resource/strainGeneDisrupted/detail/1921 NBRP B. subtilis, Japan]
  • References

    Reviews

  • 15124629,19944692
  • Original publications

  • 14527414,16479537,17005971,19233850,19847269,21435031,18179421,24001521,24194599