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Category: Biosynthesis/ acquisition of amino acids
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Category: Biosynthesis/ acquisition of amino acids

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2. Metabolism

2.3. Amino acid/ nitrogen metabolism

2.3.1. Biosynthesis/ acquisition of amino acids

2.3.1.1. Biosynthesis/ acquisition of glutamate/ glutamine/ ammonium assimilation

NameFunction
glnAglutamine biosynthesis, control of [protein|857EF1AC54DEA0690C01B7F8CEFFD16312C58F20|TnrA] and [protein|641C4BDD9702804642E1753A9C779E80FABB3919|GlnR] activity
glnHglutamine uptake
glnKregulation of the [gene|1A415DC85354373EA4866733C3AE43F510BD3C56|glsA]-[gene|E371BC4F613C40CB0E8C8CAA97387F3E6735D813|glnT] operon
glnLregulation of the glsA-glnT operon
glnMglutamine uptake
glnPglutamine uptake
glnQglutamine uptake
glnRregulation of glutamine synthesis
glnTglutamine uptake
gltAglutamate biosynthesis
gltBglutamate biosynthesis
gltCpositive regulation of the glutamate synthase operon ([gene|44DF1B7E476AD58B3CCC39300FFE0132D0D32AD0|gltA]-[gene|AA07CC52B2DD48ACC9D3375E9D531CB1ACBE485A|gltB])
gltTglutamate and aspartate uptake
nrgAammonium uptake
nrgBregulation of ammonium uptake
tnrAregulation of nitrogen assimilation

Important reviews

  • 22625175
  • 2.3.1.2. Biosynthesis/ acquisition of proline

    NameFunction
    proAbiosynthesis of proline
    proBbiosynthesis of proline
    proGbiosynthesis of proline
    proHosmoadaptive de novo production of proline
    proIbiosynthesis of proline
    proJosmoadaptive de novo production of proline
    putPproline uptake

    2.3.1.3. Biosynthesis/ acquisition of proline/ based on similarity

    NameFunction
    ytnAunknown

    2.3.1.4. Biosynthesis/ acquisition of arginine

    NameFunction
    ahrCtranscriptional regulator of arginine metabolic genes
    argBbiosynthesis of arginine
    argCbiosynthesis of arginine
    argDbiosynthesis of arginine
    argFbiosynthesis of arginine
    argGbiosynthesis of arginine
    argHbiosynthesis of arginine
    argJbiosynthesis of arginine
    artParginine uptake
    artQarginine uptake
    artRarginine uptake
    carAbiosynthesis of arginine
    carBbiosynthesis of arginine
    rocCarginine, ornithine and citrulline uptake
    rocEarginine, ornithine and citrulline uptake
    sr1control of arginine metabolism and glycolysis

    2.3.1.5. Biosynthesis/ acquisition of aspartate/ asparagine

    NameFunction
    asnBcontrol of peptidoglycan hydrolysis
    asnHbiosynthesis of asparagine
    asnObiosynthesis of asparagine
    aspBbiosynthesis of aspartate
    yveAunknown

    2.3.1.6. Biosynthesis/ acquisition of lysine/ threonine

    NameFunction
    asdbiosynthesis of threonine, lysine, dipicolic acid, peptidoglycan
    dapAbiosynthesis of lysine and peptidoglycan
    dapBbiosynthesis of lysine and peptidoglycan
    dapFbiosynthesis of lysine and peptidoglycan
    dapGbiosynthesis of lysine and peptidoglycan
    hombiosynthesis of methionine and threonine
    lysAbiosynthesis of lysine
    lysCbiosynthesis of lysine
    patAbiosynthesis of lysine and peptidoglycan
    thrBbiosynthesis of threonine
    thrCbiosynthesis of threonine
    thrDunknown
    thrRcontrol of threonine biosynthesis
    ykuRbiosynthesis of lysine and peptidoglycan
    yvsHuptake of lysine

    2.3.1.7. Biosynthesis/ acquisition of lysine/ threonine/ based on similarity

    NameFunction
    ykuQbiosynthesis of lysine and peptidoglycan

    2.3.1.8. Biosynthesis/ acquisition of serine/ glycine/ alanine

    NameFunction
    glyAbiosynthesis of glycine
    serAbiosynthesis of serine
    serBbiosynthesis of serine
    serCbiosynthesis of serine
    yrbDuptake of alanine

    2.3.1.9. Biosynthesis/ acquisition of cysteine

    NameFunction
    ascRregulation of sulphur metabolism
    cysEbiosynthesis of cysteine
    cysKbiosynthesis of cysteine, control of [protein|50930C56C27D22715620A350220E3C56ADB41020|CymR] activity
    mccAmethionine-to-cysteine conversion
    mccBmethionine-to-cysteine conversion
    tcyAcystine uptake
    tcyBcystine and diaminopimelate uptake
    tcyCcystine and diaminopimelate uptake
    tcyJcystine uptake
    tcyKcystine uptake
    tcyLcystine uptake
    tcyMcystine uptake
    tcyNcystine uptake
    tcyPcystine and diaminopimelate uptake
    yxeMuptake and utilization of S-(2-succino)cysteine
    yxeNuptake and utilization of S-(2-succino)cysteine
    yxeOuptake and utilization of S-(2-succino)cysteine

    2.3.1.10. Biosynthesis/ acquisition of methionine/ S-adenosylmethionine

    NameFunction
    hombiosynthesis of methionine and threonine
    luxSmethionine salvage
    metAbiosynthesis of methionine
    metCbiosynthesis of methionine
    metEbiosynthesis of methionine
    metIbiosynthesis of methionine
    metKS-adenosylmethionine synthesis
    metNmethionine uptake
    metPmethionine uptake
    metQmethionine uptake
    mtnAmethionine salvage
    mtnBmethionine salvage
    mtnDmethionine salvage
    mtnEmethionine salvage
    mtnKmethionine salvage
    mtnNmethionine salvage
    mtnUmethionine salvage
    mtnWmethionine salvage
    mtnXmethionine salvage
    patBbiosynthesis of methionine

    2.3.1.11. Biosynthesis/ acquisition of methionine/ S-adenosylmethionine/ based on similarity

    NameFunction
    ybgGbiosynthesis of methionine
    yitJmethionine biosynthesis, tetrahydrofolate interconversion
    yoaDmethionine biosynthesis
    yxjGunknown
    yxjHunknown

    2.3.1.12. Biosynthesis/ acquisition of branched-chain amino acids

    NameFunction
    azlBregulation of branched-chain amino acid transport
    azlCexport of branched-chain amino acids
    azlDexport of branched-chain amino acids
    bcaPbiosynthesis/acquisition of branched-chain amino acids
    braBuptake of branched-chain amino acids
    brnQuptake of valine and isoleucine
    ilvAbiosynthesis of branched-chain amino acids
    ilvBbiosynthesis of branched-chain amino acids
    ilvCbiosynthesis of branched-chain amino acids
    ilvDbiosynthesis of branched-chain amino acids
    ilvHbiosynthesis of branched-chain amino acids
    leuAbiosynthesis of leucine
    leuBbiosynthesis of leucine
    leuCbiosynthesis of leucine
    leuDbiosynthesis of leucine
    yabJdeamination of reactive intermediates generated in isoleucine biosynthesis
    ybgEbiosynthesis of branched-chain amino acids
    ywaAbiosynthesis of branched-chain amino acids

    2.3.1.13. Biosynthesis/ acquisition of aromatic amino acids

    NameFunction
    aroAbiosynthesis of aromatic amino acids
    aroBbiosynthesis of aromatic amino acids
    aroCbiosynthesis of aromatic amino acids
    aroDbiosynthesis of aromatic amino acids
    aroEbiosynthesis of aromatic amino acids
    aroFbiosynthesis of aromatic amino acids
    aroHbiosynthesis of aromatic amino acids
    aroKbiosynthesis of aromatic amino acids
    hisCbiosynthesis of aromatic amino acids
    mtrBregulation of tryptophan biosynthesis(and translation) attenuation in the trp operon;repression of the folate operon
    pabAbiosynthesis of folate and tryptophan
    pheAbiosynthesis of phenylalanine
    rtpAregulation of tryptophan biosynthesis
    trpAbiosynthesis of tryptophan
    trpBbiosynthesis of tryptophan
    trpCbiosynthesis of tryptophan
    trpDbiosynthesis of tryptophan
    trpEbiosynthesis of tryptophan
    trpFbiosynthesis of tryptophan
    trpPtryptophan uptake
    tyrAbiosynthesis of tyrosine

    2.3.1.14. Biosynthesis/ acquisition of histidine

    NameFunction
    hisAbiosynthesis of histidine
    hisBbiosynthesis of histidine
    hisDbiosynthesis of histidine
    hisFbiosynthesis of histidine
    hisGbiosynthesis of histidine
    hisHbiosynthesis of histidine
    hisIbiosynthesis of histidine
    hisJbiosynthesis of histidine
    hutMhistidine uptake
    prsphosphoribosylpyrophosphate synthesis (biosynthesis of histidine)
    ybgFunknown

    important publications

  • 24163341