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Category: Utilization of specific carbon sources
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Category: Utilization of specific carbon sources

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2. Metabolism

2.2. Carbon metabolism

2.2.2. Utilization of specific carbon sources

2.2.2.1. Utilization of organic acids

NameFunction
acsAutilization of acetate, fatty acids
acuAcontrol of [protein|search|AcsA ]activity
acuCcontrol of AcsA activity
cimHcitrate uptake
citHcitrate uptake
citMuptake of citrate and magnesium
citSregulation of citrate uptake
citTregulation of citrate uptake
cstAuptake of pyruvate
dctBsensing of C4-dicarboxylates
dctPuptake of succinate, fumurate, malate and oxaloacetate
dctRregulation of the [gene|9A96572B101358768EB20EE9438BE0E1424A4130|dctS]-[gene|97C34F6FA0B89D93369150E9A8AB3579332B07BC|dctR]-[gene|search|dctP ]operon
dctSregulation of the dctS-dctR-dctP operon
lutAlactate utilization
lutBlactate utilization
lutCutilization of lactate
lutPlactate uptake
lutRcontrol of lactate utilization
maeAmalate utilization
maeNmalate uptake
malKregulation of malate uptake
malRregulation of malate uptake
malSmalate utilization
mleAmalate utilization
mleNmalate uptake
pftAuptake of pyruvate
pftBuptake of pyruvate
ybaRuptake of fumarate
yflSmalate uptake
yoaBuptake of alpha-ketoglutarate
yraOcitrate uptake
ytsJmalate utilization

2.2.2.2. Utilization of acetoin

NameFunction
acoAacetoin utilization
acoBacetoin utilization
acoCacetoin utilization
acoLacetoin utilization
acoRregulation of acetoin utilization

2.2.2.3. Utilization of glycerol/ glycerol-3-phosphate

NameFunction
glpDglycerol utilization
glpFglycerol uptake
glpKglycerol utilization
glpPregulation of glycerol and glycerol-3-phosphate utilization
glpQglycerol-3-phosphate utilization, degradation of wall teichoic acid during phosphate starvation
glpTglycerol-3-phosphate uptake

2.2.2.4. Utilization of ribose

NameFunction
rbsAribose uptake
rbsBribose uptake
rbsCribose uptake
rbsDribose uptake
rbsKribose utilization
rbsRregulation of ribose utilization

2.2.2.5. Utilization of xylan/ xylose

NameFunction
xylAutilization of xylan and xylose
xylButilization of xylan and xylose
xylRregulation of xylan and xylose utilization
xynAxylan degradation
xynBxylan degradation
xynPxylan utilization

2.2.2.6. Utilization of arabinan/ arabinose/ arabitol

NameFunction
abf2arabinan degradation
abfAarabinan degradation
abn2arabinan degradation
abnAarabinan degradation
araAarabinose utilization
araBarabinose utilization
araDarabinose utilization
araEuptake of arabinose, galactose and xylose
araNuptake of α-1,5-arabinooligosaccharides
araPuptake of α-1,5-arabinooligosaccharides
araQuptake of α-1,5-arabinooligosaccharides
araRregulation of arabinose utilization

2.2.2.7. Utilization of fructose

NameFunction
fruAfructose uptake and phosphorylation
fruKfructose utilization
fruRregulation of fructose utilization
levDfructose uptake and phosphorylation
levEfructose uptake and phosphorylation, control of LevR activity
levFfructose uptake and phosphorylation
levGfructose uptake and phosphorylation
levRregulation of levan and fructose utilization

2.2.2.8. Utilization of galactose

NameFunction
galEgalactose utilization
galKgalactose utilization
galMunknown
galTgalactose utilization

2.2.2.9. Utilization of mannose

NameFunction
manAmannose utilization
manPmannose uptake and phosphorylation, control of ManR activity
manRregulation of mannose utilization
pmimannose utilization

2.2.2.10. Utilization of mannitol

NameFunction
mtlAmannitol uptake and phosphorylation, control of [protein|search|MtlR ]activity
mtlDmannitol utilization
mtlFuptake of mannitol
mtlRregulation of mannitol utilization

2.2.2.11. Utilization of glucitol

NameFunction
gutBglucitol utilization
gutPglucitol uptake
gutRregulation of glucitol utilization

2.2.2.12. Utilization of rhamnose

NameFunction
rhaArhamnose utilization
rhaButilization of rhamnose
rhaEWutilizatio of rhamnose and rhamnogalacturonan (pectin)
rhaMutilization of rhamnose
rhaRcontrol of rhamnose utilization

2.2.2.13. Utilization of gluconate

NameFunction
gntKgluconate utilization
gntPgluconate uptake
gntRregulation of gluconate utilization
gntZgluconate utilization

2.2.2.14. Utilization of glucarate/galactarate

NameFunction
ycbCutilization of D-glucarate/galactarate
ycbDutilization of D-glucarate/galactarate
ycbEglucarate uptake
ycbFglucarate utilization
ycbGregulation of glucarate/galactarate utilization
ycbHgalactarate utilization

2.2.2.15. Utilization of hexuronate

NameFunction
exuRregulation of hexuronate utilization
exuThexuronate uptake
kdgAutilization of galacturonic acid
kdgKutilization of galacturonic acid
kdgRregulation of galacturonic acid utilization
kdgTutilization of galacturonic acid
kduDutilization of galacturonic acid
kduIutilization of galacturonic acid
uxaAhexuronate utilization
uxaBhexuronate utilization
uxaChexuronate utilization
uxuAhexuronate utilization
yjmBunknown
yjmCunknown
yjmDutilization of dulcitol
yjmFunknown

2.2.2.16. Utilization of inositol

NameFunction
iolAmyo-inositol catabolism
iolBmyo-inositol catabolism
iolCmyo-inositol catabolism
iolDmyo-inositol catabolism
iolEmyo-inositol catabolism
iolFD-chiro-inositol uptake
iolGmyo-inositol catabolism
iolHunknown, may be involved in myo-inositol catabolism
iolImyo-inositol catabolism
iolJmyo-inositol catabolism
iolQcontrol of scyllo-inositol utilization
iolRregulation of myo-inositol catabolism
iolSunknown, may be involved in myo-inositol catabolism
iolTmyo-inositol uptake
iolUutilization of scyllo-inosose
iolWutilization of scyllo-inosose
iolXutilization of scyllo-inositol
yfiGuptake of D-chiro-inositol

2.2.2.17. Utilization of amino sugars

NameFunction
frlBmetabolism of aminoacylated fructose
frlDmetabolism of sugar amines
frlMuptake of sugar amines
frlNuptake of sugar amines
frlOuptake of sugar amines
frlRregulation of utilization of sugar amines
gamAglucosamine utilization
gamPglucosamine uptake and phosphorylation
gamRregulation of glucosamine utilization
murPN-acetyl muramic acid uptake and phosphorylation
murQcell wall turnover
murRprobably regulation of muramic acid utilization
nagAN-acetylglucosamine utilization
nagBN-acetylglucosamine utilization
nagPN-acetylglucosamine uptake and phosphorylation
nagRregulator of the nagA-nagB-nagR operon
yurJuptake of sugar amines

2.2.2.18. Utilization of beta-glucosides

NameFunction
bglAbeta-glucoside utilization
bglHsalicin utilization
bglPbeta-glucoside uptake and phosphorylation, control of [protein|search|LicT ]activity
licTcontrol of beta-glucan and beta-glucoside utilization
yckEutilization of aryl-β-glucosides

2.2.2.19. Utilization of sucrose

NameFunction
fruCutilization of sucrose and glucitol
sacAutilization of sucrose
sacButilization of sucrose, production of levan
sacPsucrose uptake and phosphorylation, control of SacT activity
sacTregulation of sucrose utilization
sacXsucrose uptake and phosphorylation, control of SacY activity
sacYregulation of sucrose utilization

2.2.2.20. Utilization of trehalose

NameFunction
glcKphosphorylation of the free glucose moiety resulting from cleavage of di-and oligosaccharides
treAtrehalose utilization
trePtrehalose uptake and phosphorylation
treRregulation of trehalose utilization

2.2.2.21. Utilization of melibiose

NameFunction
amyCprobably melibiose uptake
amyDprobably melibiose uptake
melAmelibiose utilization
msmEprobably melibiose uptake
msmRregulation of melibiose utilization
msmXuptake of maltodextrin, melibiose (probably), and galactooligosaccharides

2.2.2.22. Utilization of maltose

NameFunction
glcKphosphorylation of the free glucose moiety resulting from cleavage of di-and oligosaccharides
glvRregulation of maltose utilization
malAmaltose utilization
malPmaltose uptake and phosphorylation
yvdKutilization of maltose

2.2.2.23. Utilization of starch/ maltodextrin

NameFunction
amyEstarch degradation
amyXstarch degradation
glcKphosphorylation of the free glucose moiety resulting from cleavage of di-and oligosaccharides
maamaltose and maltodextrin utilization
malLstarch and maltodextrin utilization
mdxEmaltodextrin utilization
mdxFmaltodextrin utilization
mdxGmaltodextrin utilization
msmXuptake of maltodextrin, melibiose (probably), and galactooligosaccharides
pgcMstarch and maltodextrin utilization
yvdEprobably regulation of starch and maltodextrin utilization
yvdFstarch and maltodextrin utilization

2.2.2.24. Utilization of galactan

NameFunction
ganAgalactan utilization
ganBgalactan utilization
ganPuptake of galactotriose
ganQuptake of galactotriose
ganRregulation of galactan utilization
ganSuptake of galactotriose
msmXuptake of maltodextrin, melibiose (probably), and galactooligosaccharides

2.2.2.25. Utilization of glucomannan

NameFunction
gmuAglucomannan uptake and phosphorylation
gmuBglucomannan uptake and phosphorylation
gmuCglucomannan uptake and phosphorylation
gmuDglucomannan utilization
gmuEglucomannan utilization
gmuFglucomannan utilization
gmuGglucomannan utilization
gmuRregulation of glucomannan utilization

2.2.2.26. Utilization of pectin

NameFunction
lplDutilization of pectin
msmXuptake of maltodextrin, melibiose (probably), and galactooligosaccharides
rhgRregulation of pectin utilization
rhiFuptake of rhamnose oligosaccharides
rhiGuptake of rhamnose oligosaccharides
rhiLuptake of rhamnose oligosaccharides
rhiNintracellular degradation of disaccharides generated by [protein|217BAA94FB926CDA7CA8800BC6B08371792CEE31|YesX]
ybcMunknown
yesTpectin utilization
yesVunknown
yesWutilization of rhamnogalacturonan
yesXutilization of rhamnogalacturonan
yesYunknown
yesZunknown
ytcPuptake of polygalacturonan and rhamnogalacturonan
ytcQuptake of polygalacturonan and rhamnogalacturonan
ytePuptake of polygalacturonan and rhamnogalacturonan
yteRintracellular degradation of disaccharides generated by YesX

2.2.2.27. Utilization of other polymeric carbohydrates

NameFunction
bglCbeta-1,4-glucan degradation
bglSlichenan degradation
csnchitin degradation
levBlevan degradation
levDfructose uptake and phosphorylation
levEfructose uptake and phosphorylation, control of LevR activity
levFfructose uptake and phosphorylation
levGfructose uptake and phosphorylation
levRregulation of levan and fructose utilization
licAlichenan uptake and phosphorylation
licBlichenan uptake and phosphorylation, control of LicR activity
licClichenan uptake and phosphorylation
licHlichenan utilization
licRregulation of lichenan utilization
licTcontrol of beta-glucan and beta-glucoside utilization
peldegradation of polygalacturonic acid
pelBdegradation of polygalacturonic acid
pelCdegradation of polygalacturonic acid
sacCdegradation of levan to fructose
senSregulation of extracellular enzyme genes
xynCxylan degradation
xynDarabinoxylan degradation
ysdCunknown
yugTunknown

2.2.2.28. Utilization of other pentoses and hexoses

NameFunction
ydaEsurvival of ethanol stress and low temperatures

reviews

  • 11018147, 19202299, 17982469